Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM)
HARM is a vibrant, multi-disciplinary research network focused on so-called ‘honour’-based abuse, violence and killing, forced marriage, female genital mutilation (FGM), and other under-researched and often misunderstood forms of domestic abuse.
The mission of HARM network is to convene researchers, experts by experience, and practitioners from various disciplines and across sectors. Our aim is to develop novel and practical ways to understand, explain, and respond to the global health crisis of domestic violence, including so-called ‘honour’-based abuse, forced marriage and FGM.
- Cross-disciplinary research
- Research-based policy innovation
- Evidence-based education and training
- Awareness and advocacy
We foster original research, research-based policy innovation, training and advocacy programmes and campaigns. We are working with our members to build a society that ensures equality and freedom from abuse for all.
Read Founder’s statement by Dr Roxanne Khan
Let me start my story by telling you where I am today: My goal is to unite researchers, practitioners, and experts-by-experience in a mission to develop strategies to eliminate ‘honour’-based abuse. Eventually we can eliminate these crimes, and that is a vision I believe is worth fighting for.
I founded HARM because I maintain that the complex challenges of so-called ‘honour’-based abuse require a dedicated network of talented people with the intention, expertise and experience to research a shared goal. That is, to create a world free from ‘honour’ abuse and violence.
How do we do this? We seek to understand and learn from the individuals who have experienced ‘honour’-based abuse, their families, and the practitioners who support them. We enable collaborative interdisciplinary research efforts to identify fundamental problems, and we insist that our policy, training and awareness programmes are informed by the voices of the survivors.
We can be as systematic about the elimination of ‘honour’ crimes as we are about other harmful behaviours. And, given the terrible consequences of ‘honour’ abuse for victims and survivors, and indeed the wider society, we have to do just that.
Dr Roxanne Khan
Director, HARM (Honour Abuse Research Matrix)
Deputy Lead (Violence & Aggression), Criminal Justice Partnership
University of Central Lancashire
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What is ‘honour’-based abuse?
‘Honour’-based abuse (HBA) can be defined as criminal acts committed to protect or defend the honour of the family and/or community (Crime Prosecution Service, 2008). HBA victims in the UK are typically young south Asian or Middle Eastern females (Begum et al, 2020). Lesser recognised are male victims and those in other cultural groups, including people of Mediterranean and Turkish heritage and in Gypsy Roma Traveler communities (e.g., Asquith, 2016; Caffaro et al, 2014; Idriss, 2019).
Types of HBA crimes are as wide ranging as they are devastating. They include psychological, physical, and sexual abuse, forced marriage, withdrawal from school, isolation, imprisonment, kidnapping and trafficking (Brandon & Hafez, 2008).
HARM strives for a more sustainable approach. We believe that a move towards evidence-based policy and practice will improve outcomes for victims and those at risk of ‘honour’-based abuse, forced marriage and FGM.
The research strand of HARM conducts robust research and drives research-based policy innovation. We publish in reputable, peer-reviewed, international academic journals.
- Forensic Science
- Social Inclusion
- Social Work and Social Policy
- Evidence Based Policing
- Families, Children and Life Transitions
- Health and International Justice
- Language, Linguistics, Culture and Society
- Mental Health and Wellbeing
- Midwifery and Maternal Child Health
Research Grouping: Criminal Justice Partnership (Violence and Aggression).
‘Honour’ abuse, violence, and forced marriage in the UK. Police cases (incidents and charges) and specialised training: 2018 and 2019. Yasmin Khan, Roxanne Khan, Olumide Adisa, Meera Kumari & Katherine Allen (2021). HARM Network report commissioned for HALO Project.
Adisa, O. & Khan, R. (2021). The Story of H.O.P.E. How a group of Black and Brown women reshaped domestic abuse support networks in lockdown. Domestic Abuse Research Network (DARNet), University of Suffolk & Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM), University of Central Lancashire.
“They will keep seeing young women murdered by men. Enough is enough-we have seen too many women lose their lives”. Lessons for professionals working with victims of ‘honour’ abuse and violence. Reema Begum, Roxanne Khan, Brewer, G., & Beth Hall (2020). Genealogy. Special Issue: "Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic, Children Young People and Their Families in and against the Youth (Criminal) Justice System", 4 (3),
Homophobic ‘honour’ abuse experienced by South Asian gay men in England. Roxanne Khan & Michelle Lowe (2020). In M. Idriss (Ed.), Men, Masculinities and Honour-Based Violence, Chapter 6 (pp. 95-113). Oxon: Routledge.
Antigay “Honor” Abuse: A Multinational Attitudinal Study of Collectivist-Versus Individualist-Orientated Populations in Asia and England. Michelle Lowe, Roxanne Khan, Thanzami Vanlal, Mahsa Barzy and Rozina Karmaliani (2019). Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
Introduction to the Special Issue on Honour Based Abuse, Violence, and Killings. Roxanne Khan (2018). Journal of Aggression, Conflict & Peace Research. Special Edition: ‘Honour’ Killing, Violence & Abuse,10(4), 237-238.
‘Honour’ abuse: the experience of South Asians who identify as LGBT in North West England. Roxanne Khan, Beth Hall and Michelle Lowe (2017). Summary report prepared for Lancashire Constabulary.
‘Honour’-based violence in a British South Asian community. Roxanne Khan, Shamam Saleem (2018). Safer Communities, 17 (1). pp. 11-21.
Attitudes toward intimate partner ‘honor’-based violence in India, Iran, Malaysia and Pakistan. Michelle Lowe, Roxanne Lowe, Thanzami, Vanlal, Mahsa Barzy and Rozina Karmaliani (2018). Journal of Aggression, Conflict & Peace Research. Special Edition: ‘Honour’ Killing, Violence & Abuse, 10 (4), 283-89.
Honour-related violence (HRV) in Scotland: A cross-and multi-agency intervention involvement survey. Roxanne Khan (2007). International Journal of Criminology, 1-8.
Special Edition: Domestic violence and child abuse in the UK: oversights, controversies, and solutions. Invited Guest Editor, Dr Roxanne Khan, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace. (publication date: November 2022)
Special Edition*: ‘Honour’ Killing, Violence and Abuse. Invited Guest Editor, Dr Roxanne Khan, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace. (published: November 2018)
*This is the top-rated journal set for the entire journal and had over 1,000 downloads in its first four months.
Domestic abuse policy guidance for UK universities – Launch date: April 2021
Funded by Research England (Quality Related-Strategic Priorities Funding). December 2020.
HARM is leading a multiagency partnership to produce domestic abuse policy guidance for UK universities. This work will be informed by systematic research, in collaboration with key experts, critical stakeholders, and policy makers, in central government, education bodies, and the justice system.
Dr Khan is Chair to the Expert Advisory Committee, with members Nicole Jacobs (Domestic Abuse Commissioner for England and Wales); Professor Graham J. Towl, Suzanne Jacob OBE, Lorraine O’Brien OBE, Professor Paul Miller, Farah Nazeer, Dr Charlotte Proudman, Professor Jane Monckton-Smith, Dr Lorraine Sheridan, Dr Emma Katz, Dr Geetanjali Gangoli, Dr Gayle Brewer, Fiona Waye, and Amy Norton.
Professional affiliations: Universities of Cambridge, Durham, Liverpool, Liverpool Hope, Suffolk, Gloucestershire, Curtin (Australia). Most members have held chief officer roles in central government (Ministry of Justice) and the Commonwealth Council (President for Educational Administration and Management), policy managers for UK Universities and Office for Students, Consultants and Advisors for the British Government, and CEO roles in leading national domestic abuse charities.
Domestic Abuse Policy Guidance for UK Universities
Funded by Research England (Quality-Related Strategic Priorities Fund).
Evidence based guidance to enable universities to develop effective domestic abuse policies to protect staff and students.
HARM network has published Domestic Abuse Policy Guidance for UK Universities. The network, led by Dr Roxanne Khan from the University of Central Lancashire, teamed up with a panel of experts, including Women’s Aid CEO, Farah Nazeer, Domestic Abuse Commissioner for England and Wales, Nicole Jacobs, Professor Graham Towl, Durham University, and Fiona Waye, Policy Manager at Universities UK, to issue universities with comprehensive guidance to enable them to develop effective policy to support staff and students experiencing domestic abuse.
Speaking about the project, Dr Khan said “There needs to be a change in attitudes at UK Universities. They must acknowledge that domestic abuse is a serious problem affecting their staff and students, and that more needs to be done to support victims and reduce harm.”
The guidance has been endorsed by Universities UK President, Professor Julia Buckingham, CBE, who said “I am grateful to Dr Roxanne Khan and all the experts who contributed to this much-needed guidance to support universities in responding effectively to domestic abuse”, going on to say that “This will be a valuable resource for all leaders in helping to ensure that our students and staff are supported to have the best possible experience at university and to help build a stronger, more equitable university culture.”
This guidance is informed by systematic research, in collaboration with key experts, critical stakeholders, and policymakers, in central government, education bodies, and the justice system.
Expert panel and professional affiliations:
- Nicole Jacobs, Domestic Abuse Commissioner for England & Wales
- Fiona Waye, Policy Manager, Universities UK
- Professor Graham J. Towl, Durham University
- Farah Nazeer, CEO, Women’s Aid
- Dr Charlotte Proudman, Queens’ College, Cambridge
- Suzanne Jacob OBE, CEO, SafeLives
- Amy Norton, Head of ED&I, Office for Students
- Dr Geetanjali Gangoli, Durham University
- Professor Paul Miller, University of Huddersfield
- Dr Gayle Brewer, University of Liverpool
- Dr Lorraine Sheridan, Curtin University
- Lorraine O’Brien, CEO, Employers Initiative on Domestic Abuse
- Dr Emma Katz, Liverpool Hope University
- Bethany Hall, University of Central Lancashire
- Dr Amy Roberts, University of Central Lancashire
Project planning and design:
- Paul Morris, Director, onEvidence
This is the first guidance of its kind, enabling universities to develop effective and inclusive domestic abuse policies. It will change the way universities think about domestic abuse. Ultimately it will make universities safer for staff and students.
To order a hard copy of this guidance, please contact Dr Roxanne Khan: HARMnetwork@uclan.ac.uk
Harmful Traditional Practices in the Workplace: Guidance for Best Practice
Funded by Research England (Quality Related-Strategic Priorities Funding). November 2019.
Evidence-based, best practice guidance to support effective organisational safeguarding policies and practical workplace responses to harmful traditional practices (HTPs).
This toolkit was developed to raise awareness of HTPs, and to help organisations address this hidden form of abuse. The recommendations are based on a rapid evidence review of the up-to-date research, and consultation with an expert advisory panel who have extensive knowledge of HTPs.
Designed to inform policy and practice in public, private, and third sector organisations, of any size. This guidance is also helpful for professionals working with vulnerable children and adults.
Dr Khan Chaired the Expert Advisory Committee, with members Professor Rusi Jaspal, Dexter Dias QC, Professor Karl Roberts, Nazir Afzal OBE, Caroline Goode QPM, Gerry Campbell MBE, Dr Leyla Hussein OBE, Yasmin Khan, and Shaheen Hashmat.
Professional affiliations: Universities of Harvard, Western Sydney, Cambridge, and Leicester and they have held chief officer roles with New Scotland Yard (Metropolitan Police). The committee act as Consultants and Advisors for the United Nations, World Health Organisation, and the British and Welsh Government, serving as Queen’s Counsel, and Crown Court judge (including at the Old Bailey) and formerly, Chief Crown Prosecutor and CEO of Police and Crime Commissioners. Most members of this Expert Advisory Committee are recipients of Queen’s honours for their work on ‘honour’ abuse.
During Covid-19 lockdown, H.O.P.E Network in association with HARM, Centre for Abuse Research, (University of Suffolk) and Sarah Wigley Associates, provided a platform for Black, Asian and other minoritised people to discuss the impact of domestic and sexual abuse on survivors.
Presenters included David Lammy MP (Shadow Secretary of State for Justice, Shadow Lord Chancellor), Jess Philips MP (Shadow Minister for Domestic Violence and Safeguarding), Dame Vera Baird DBE QC (Victim’s Commissioner for England & Wales), Nicole Jacobs (Domestic Abuse Commissioner for England & Wales), Baroness Sandip Verma (House of Lords, Ministerial Champion for Tackling Violence Against Women and Girls Overseas), Dr Shola Mos-Shogbamimu (New York Attorney & Solicitor of England & Wales), Pragna Patel (Southall Black Sisters), Dr Charlotte Proudman (award-winning human rights barrister), Natasha Ruttu (CEO Karma Nirvana), Professor Aisha Gill CBE, and Professor Marianne Hester.
Dr Roxanne Khan, Nazir Afzal OBE, and Dexter Diaz QC submitted expert statements to the first ever super-complaint detailing the systemic failures of Black, Asian and minority ethnic sexual abuse cases by police forces across England and Wales. Authored by HARM Ambassador Yasmin Khan (CEO of Halo Project and Welsh Government Advisor) as part of the Tees Valley Inclusion Project, the report - Invisible survivors – The long wait for justice - is only one of five super-complaints eligible to date and is being investigated by three major policing bodies. This was reported by BBC News and on BBC Newsnight.
Dr Roxanne Khan, Meena Kumari (HOPE network), and Dr Olumide Adisa (CART), co-wrote this open letter. With over 40 influential signatories, this letter was delivered by Baroness Sandip Verma (House of Lords, Ministerial Champion for Tackling Violence Against Women and Girls Overseas), to the Home Secretary, the Right Honorable Priti Patel MP, at the Hidden Harm Summit for Domestic Abuse, Chaired by Prime Minister Boris Johnson (as reported in The Independent).
Within months of release, HARM’s workplace guidance accrued nearly 6000 downloads from CloK, one of which, Urgent Response to COVID-19, was 13th most accessed COVID-19 document across all academic repositories across UK, USA, New Zealand and Australia in 2020. The supplement animation video had over 1000 views on YouTube. These guidelines have been adopted and/or endorsed by NHS Employers (Europe’s largest employer), the Crime Prosecution Service, Employers' Initiative on Domestic Abuse, London’s Mayor’s Officer, city councils (e.g., Preston), and Universities (e.g. Liverpool John Moore’s University) across the UK.
All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Domestic Violence and Abuse. Session: The Context and Nature of ‘Honour-Based’ Abuse.
The APPG invited Dr Roxanne Khan to speak at this meeting on the work of HARM network to raise awareness of ‘honour’-based abuse and improve the evidence base for practitioners working in the domestic abuse sector. The sessions Chairs are Apsana Begum MP and Baroness Bertin. Other Speakers included Baljit Banga (Executive Director, Imkaan), Natasha Rattu (Executive Director, Karma Nirvana) and Diana Nammi (Executive Director IKWRO).
Nomination: In February 2020, Dr Roxanne Khan was nominated for the Iranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation (IKWRO) annual True Honour Awards 2020. Winner TBC, ceremony postponed due to COVID-19.
Winner: Emerald Literati Awards 2019: Highly Commended Paper ‘Honour’ -based violence in a British South Asian community, Dr. Roxanne Khan, UCLan, Shamam Saleem and Dr. Michelle Lowe, Bolton University. Published in Safer Communities.
Winner: Emerald Literati Awards 2019: Outstanding Paper Perception and barriers: reporting female genital mutilation, Dr. Geetanjali Gangoli, University of Bristol, Professor Aisha Gill, University of Roehampton, Dr. Natasha Mulvihill and Dr. Marianne Hester, University of Bristol. Published in Journal of Aggression, Conflict & Peace Research, invited paper on special edition edited by Dr. Roxanne Khan.
"I think HARM is a really brilliant idea, it is a fantastic project that I'm proud to be associated with."— Dexter Dias, QC
HARM has over 200 members worldwide. Our diverse network encompasses local, national, and international members from academia, the police and other emergency services and first-responders, crime scene investigators, legal professionals, government advisors, the Civil Service, NGOs and support organisations, social services and safeguarding professionals, survivors, activists and students.
Nazir Afzal OBE. Government advisor and former Chief Crown Prosecutor. Renowned for raising public awareness of forced marriage and honour crimes, Nazir received a standing ovation for his keynote speech at the HARM launch in 2018.
DCI Caroline Goode QPM. Formerly London Metropolitan Police, Caroline was awarded Queen's Police Medal for leading the investigation into Banaz Mahmod’s tragic murder and continues to work tirelessly to protect those at risk of honour violence and killings.
Yasmin Khan. National government advisor on Violence against Women, Yasmin is the pioneering founder of forced marriage and honour abuse charity, the Halo Project.
Professor Karl Roberts is the author of Honor-Based Violence: Policing and Prevention. Karl is a Forensic psychologist, Professor and Chair of Policing and Criminal Justice at Western Sydney University, Australia. He is also Adjunct Professor of Pacific Policing at University of the South Pacific, Fiji. Karl’s research explores honour violence. He has published three books on this and advises and trains police and other agencies on these issues.
Professor Rusi Jaspal. Professor of Psychology at Nottingham Trent University. He is Fellow of the British Psychological Society, the Royal Society of Arts, the Royal Society of Public Health, and Higher Education Academy. Rusi has written over 100 articles and book chapters focusing on the social psychological aspects of sexual identity and ‘coming out’ especially among British South Asian gay men and has written about forced marriage in this community.
Matt Mahmood-Ogston. Award-winning LGBTQI+ campaigner and film director, Matt is Director of the Naz and Matt Foundation, dedicated to tackling religious homophobia, setup in memory of his fiancé, Dr Nazim Mahmood, who ended his life two days after his parents confronted him about his sexuality. Matt and Naz’s personal story inspired a ground-breaking storyline in one of Britain’s most watched TV programmes, Coronation Street.
Dr. Rachael Aplin. Senior Lecturer in Policing at the University of Huddersfield, specialising in policing and gendered violence, specifically honour abuse. Rachel, a former Detective Sergeant, who spent over 20 years in the police force. Her book Policing UK Honour-Based Abuse Crime is an important addition to the literature.
Shaheen Hashmat. Scottish Pakistani writer, campaigner, and survivor of honour abuse, raising awareness in the media and multiple other platforms.
Dr. Lis Bates. Senior Research Fellow in the Centre for Policing Research and Learning. Lis’s interests are in domestic and sexual violence, forced marriage and honour-based abuse. Drawing on a feminist lens, her work aims to improve services for victims/survivors, to hold perpetrators accountable, and to improve laws and criminal justice responses. Previously Head of Research at domestic abuse charity SafeLives, she has held various roles for the UK Parliament and Government.
Dr. Geetanjali Gangoli. Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, University of Durham. Geetanjali’s research explores gender-based violence in the UK and on preventing violence for refugee and asylum-seeking women in Europe. She is a prolific author and recently won 2019 Emerald Publishing award with co-authors Professor Aisha Gill, Dr Natasha Mulvihill and Professor Marianne. Hester: Perception and barriers: reporting female genital mutilation
Meena Kumari. Founder and Director of H.O.P.E Training & Consultancy. During Covid-19, Meena launched a platform for Black, Asian and other minority ethnic communities to discuss the impact of domestic and sexual abuse on survivors during lockdown.
Dr. Roxanne Khan - HARM Director
Professor Nicola Graham-Kevan - UCLan Lead for Research on Violence and Aggression
Dr. John Wainwright- Youth and Justice Lead at the Criminal and Justice Partnership, based in the School of Social Work, Care and Community
Beth Hall (PhD candidate) – HARM research assistant, based in the School of Psychology
Training and consulting
HARM develops practitioner-led, survivor-informed training courses based on the best available current empirical research.
This interdisciplinary approach, and increased communication and interaction between the spheres of research, policy, experts-by-experience and practice, means that our tailored training courses offer sustainable, meaningful, continuing professional development CPD.
- Domestic Abuse
- ‘Honour’ Abuse and Forced Marriage
- Child Abuse
- Research and Project Work
- Policy and Practice
HARM Conference 2022 will be hosted by Manchester Metropolitan University. Date to be confirmed.
Domestic Abuse Policy Guidance for UK Universities. HARM will host a launch event on 15 April 2021.
Open to all University HR teams, Policy Managers, and Safeguarding Leads. This section will be updated with ticket details soon.
Celebrating LGBT History Month 2021. Dr Roxanne Khan hosted a screen and panel Q&A with Film Director Matt Mahmood-Ogston (HARM Ambassador), Meera Mistry (Producer) and Saima Razzaq (activist). My God, I’m Queer Vol. 1 - Shortlisted as Best of British short film, Iris Prize 2020
First Annual Conference - A new paradigm: developing multidisciplinary partnerships to combat honour violence, forced marriage and FGM. #HARM2019
Dexter Dias QC opened with a rousing keynote speech to a packed conference at the historic Harris Museum, Preston.
Speakers included HARM Director Dr. Roxanne Khan, Professor Rusi Jaspal, Nazir Afzal OBE, Caroline Goode QPM, Yasmin Khan, Professor Karl Roberts, Dr. Maz Idriss, Shaheen Hashmat, Dr Lis Bates and Dr Geetanjali Gangoli.
Nazir Afzal Essay Competition
The annual Nazir Afzal Essay Competition, organised by HARM network, is named after British solicitor and former Chief Crown Prosecutor Nazir Afzal OBE who, during a 25 year career, has prosecuted some of the most high profile cases in the country, and led nationally on numerous legal topics including violence against women and girls, child sexual abuse, and honour based violence.
Press and media
We are always happy to work with journalists around the world to share compelling stories about our research and innovations. If you’re a member of the media and would like to talk, please email us at HARMnetwork@uclan.ac.uk
- The hidden problem with ‘honour’ based abuse. Continue to article
- British government ignoring ethnic minority domestic abuse victims who are ‘suffering in silence’. Continue to article
- Domestic abuse workers reveal the trauma of trying to help victims during lockdown. Continue to article
- Coercive control conviction ‘can help Asians seek justice’. Continue to article
- National study into honour abuse wins national publishing award. Continue to article
- Anti-LGBTI violence still acceptable in many countries, new study shows. Continue to article
- What it's like to lose your sister in an honour killing. Continue to article
- New network aims to tackle honour-based abuse. Continue to article
- Migrant slavery and abuse victims need more help Continue to article
- Young, gay and married - Britons wed to avoid abuse. Continue to article
- Locked. Dirty Kitchen Sink Film Company. Film on domestic abuse during lockdown, featuring Dr Roxanne Khan (HARM network). Trailer released 17 December 2020).
- The Killer Within. Sky Crime Documentary on the Murder of Rania Alayed, featuring Dr Roxanne Khan (HARM network). Woodcut Media. (2021, release date April)
- Lifeline. Film featuring Dr Roxanne Khan (HARM network), Jess Philips MP, Natasha Rattu (CEO Karma Nirvana). Launch event hosted by University of East Anglia. Director, Professor Eylem Atakav (Professor of Film, Gender and Public Engagement). Trailer released 14 October 2020).
**Selected for best short documentary, Global Lift-off film festival, 15-22nd February 2021.
**Official Selection for the 4th International Women Filmmakers Festival, 1-10 March 2021
- BBC Stoke, Presenter Ajmal Hussain. Expert - honour abuse & killings in the UK.
- BBC Nottingham, Presenter Hansa Dabee. Expert - honour abuse & killings in the UK.
- BBC West Midlands, Presenter Gagan Grewal. Expert - honour abuse & killings in the UK.
- Sheffield, Presenter Gul Nawaz. Expert - honour abuse & killings in the UK.
Join 100s of Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) members
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Subscribe to our newsletter now: HARMnetwork@uclan.ac.uk
Help, Support and Advice
If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, call 999 and ask for Police.
Help and advice
There are local and national charities and support organisations you can contact for help. The following offer services ranging from confidential advice and friendly support, to practical assistance and legal guidance.
Halo Project provide the emergency help you need to: Obtain a safe place to live, understand your welfare and benefits entitlements, gain police protection and public safety, gain court ordered protection.
Telephone: 01642 683 045 | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Refuge and Women’s Aid run a freephone 24-hour helpline for victims of domestic violence, including ‘honour’-based violence and forced marriage. See their website for a comprehensive guide to their services.
Telephone: 0808 2000 247
Forced Marriage Unit (FMU) operates a public helpline to provide advice and support to victims of forced marriage as well as to professionals dealing with cases. The assistance provided ranges from safety advice, through to helping a forced marriage victim prevent their unwanted spouse moving to the UK (‘reluctant sponsor’ cases). In extreme circumstances the FMU will assist with rescues of victims held against their will overseas.
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7008 0151 | Email: email@example.com
Naz and Matt Foundation are a charity who hold regular support group meetings and one-to-one support or mentoring for LGBTQI+ individuals and parents from religious or faith backgrounds.
Karma Nirvana offer confidential help and support for victims and those at risk of honour abuse and forced marriage in the UK. Lines are open 9am – 5pm, Monday to Friday.
Telephone: 0800 5999 247
You can also search for local and national services for victims and those at risk. It is important that you seek advice the moment you suspect something is wrong.