Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM)
Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) is a vibrant, diverse network that aligns with UCLan’s protean ethos of high quality research, trans-disciplinary impact and international reach.
Established in 2018 by Dr. Roxanne Khan, Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) is an international consortium of researchers, practitioners, policymakers, support agencies and activists. Collectively, they are formulating the following innovative evidence-based responses to the silent global health crisis of honour-based abuse, violence and killings.
- Advancing the research and pioneering strategies to eliminate harmful practices, including: honour abuse, killings, forced marriage and FGM.
- Fostering multi-disciplinary working partnerships and research collaborations worldwide.
- Raising awareness and informing public policy via evidence-based education and training.
HARM is a vibrant, diverse network that aligns with UCLan’s protean ethos of high-quality research, trans-disciplinary impact and international reach.
Evidence-based guidance for best practice to help support effective organisational safeguarding policies and practical workplace responses to harmful traditional practices (HTPs).
This range of guidance materials, funded by Research England, and produced by HARM, raises awareness of HTPs to help organisations address this hidden form of abuse. Divided into three main sections, each with an introduction followed by five recommendations.
Explores cultural competency, diversity and inclusion, and other initiatives to help organisations support people affected by HTPs.
Suggests specific training to raise organisational awareness to improve understanding and address the stigma surrounding HTPs.
Identifies ways to empower people working in, or associated with, an organisation to talk more openly about issues that affect them. We look at workplace champions and other innovative methods to improve communication.
This is followed by a list of 10 practical steps for organisations to take if someone in the workplace discloses that they are a victim or survivor of harmful traditional practices, including honour abuse, forced marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM).
Our recommendations are based on a Rapid Evidence Review of the most up-to-date research, and consultation with a select expert advisory panel who have extensive academic and working knowledge of HTPs. Designed to inform all public, private, and third sector organisations, of any size. This guidance is also helpful for professionals working with vulnerable children and adults.
"Safeguarding is challenging for any organisation. Yet with the right advice, guidance and best practice, you approach you can meet your objectives."— Dr Roxanne Khan
HARM welcomes your membership applications:
- Academics, students, teachers and trainers, police, fire service and other emergency services.
- Adult and children safeguarding professionals, victim and welfare support, NGOs and activists.
- Health sector, legal professionals, governmental advisors, think–tanks and grant funding bodies.
Nazir Afzal OBE. Government advisor and former Chief Prosecutor. Renowned for raising public awareness of forced marriage and honour crimes, Nazir received a standing ovation for his keynote speech at the HARM launch event in 2018.
DCI Caroline Goode QPM. Formerly London Metropolitan Police, Caroline was awarded Queen's Police Medal for leading the investigation into Banaz Mahmod’s tragic murder and continues to work tirelessly to protect those at risk of honour violence and killings.
Yasmin Khan. National government advisor on Violence against Women, Yasmin is the pioneering founder of forced marriage and honour abuse charity, the Halo Project.
Professor Karl Roberts. Author of Honor-Based Violence: Policing and Prevention. Karl is a Forensic psychologist, Professor and Chair of Policing and Criminal Justice at Western Sydney University, Australia. He is also Adjunct Professor of Pacific Policing at University of the South Pacific, Fiji. Karl’s research explores honour violence. He has published three books on this and advises and trains police and other agencies on these issues.
Professor Rusi Jaspal. Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research), School of Applied Social Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, De Montfort University. Rusi has written almost 100 articles and book chapters focusing on the social psychological aspects of sexual identity and ‘coming out’ especially among British South Asian gay men, and has written about forced marriage in this community.
Matt Mahmood-Ogston. Award-winning LGBTQI+ campaigner, Matt is Director of the Naz and Matt Foundation, dedicated to tackling religious homophobia, setup in memory of his fiancé, Dr Nazim Mahmood, who ended his life two days after his parents confronted him about his sexuality. Matt and Naz’s personal story inspired a ground-breaking storyline in one of Britain’s most watched TV programmes, Coronation Street.
Dr. Rachael Aplin. Senior Lecturer at Leeds Beckett University, specialising in policing and gendered violence, specifically honour abuse. Rachel, a former Detective Sergeant, spent over 20 years in the police force. Her book Policing UK Honour-Based Abuse Crime is an important addition to the literature.
Shaheen Hashmat. Scottish Pakistani writer, campaigner, and survivor of honour abuse, raising awareness in the media and multiple other platforms.
Dr. Lis Bates. Research Fellow, Centre for Gender and Violence Research, School for Policy Studies, Bristol University. Lis’s interests are across gender and violence, in national and international contexts . She is conducting comparative policy analysis of state responses to honour violence across the UK, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Sweden. Previously Head of Research at domestic abuse charity SafeLives, she has held various roles for the UK Parliament and Government.
Dr. Geetanjali Gangoli. Centre for Gender and Violence Research, University of Bristol. Geetanjali’s research explores gender based violence in the UK and on preventing violence for refugee and asylum seeking women in Europe. She is a prolific author and she recently won 2019 Emerald Publishing award with co-authors Professor Aisha Gill, Dr Natasha Mulvihill and Professor Marianne. Hester: Perception and barriers: reporting female genital mutilation
Dr. Maz Idriss. Senior Lecturer, Manchester Metropolitan University. Maz is also Trustee of the Elm Foundation and LLM Coordinator for Human Rights. His book, Masculinities and Honour Based Violence, co-edited with Professor Abbas Men is a welcome addition to the literature.
Our diverse consortium is made up of local, national, and international members from academia, the police and other emergency services and first-responders, crime scene investigators, legal professionals, government advisors, the Civil Service, NGOs and support organisations, social services and safeguarding professionals, survivors, activists and students.
Dr. Roxanne Khan - HARM Director
Professor Nicola Graham-Kevan - UCLan Lead for Research on Violence and Aggression
Dr. John Wainwright- Youth and Justice Lead at the Criminal and Justice Partnership, based in the School of Social Work, Care and Community
Beth Hall (MSc) – HARM special project intern, based in the School of Psychology
HARM works in partnership with other universities, groups, individuals and stakeholder organisations to further the research, support victims, build awareness, and to create sustainable policies and practice guidance based on research evidence.
Join us: HARMnetwork@uclan.ac.uk
- Evidence Based Policing
- Families, Children and Life Transitions
- Forensic Science
- Health and International Justice
- Language, Linguistics, Culture and Society
- Mental Health and Wellbeing
- Midwifery and Maternal Child Health
- Social Inclusion
- Social Work and Social Policy
The research strand of Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) focuses on producing quality research to guide policy makers and practitioners.
Evidence-based practice and policy offers a more sustainable approach in efforts to eradicate honour based violence, forced marriage and FGM, improving the outcomes for groups at risk.
HARM founder and Director Dr. Roxanne Khan, a Chartered Psychologist and Research Scientist, is Senior Lecturer and Course Leader for BSc (Hons) Forensic Psychology. She authors books, journal articles and conference presentations for international audiences.
As an aggression researcher, she maintains a long-standing interest in many aspects of family and community violence and harmful practices.
Professor Nicola Graham-Kevan is a Chartered Psychologist and Professor of Criminal Justice Psychology at the University of Central Lancashire, England. She is also a Professor of Clinical Psychology at the Mid Sweden University in Östersund, Sweden.
Nicola is an aggression researcher specialising in intimate partner violence. She also works with offenders with aggression management difficulties and design interventions.
Antigay “Honor” Abuse: A Multinational Attitudinal Study of Collectivist-Versus Individualist-Orientated Populations in Asia and England.
Michelle Lowe, Roxanne Khan, Thanzami Vanlal, Mahsa Barzy and Rozina Karmaliani (2019)
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Introduction to the Special Issue on Honour Based Abuse, Violence, and Killings.
Roxanne Khan (2018)
With Emerald Publishing Literati Award winner 2019 for Outstanding Paper.
Journal of Aggression, Conflict & Peace Research. Special Edition: ‘Honour’ Killing, Violence & Abuse,10(4), 237-238.
‘Honour’ abuse: the experience of South Asians who identify as LGBT in North West England.
Roxanne Khan, Beth Hall and Michelle Lowe (2017)
Summary report prepared for Lancashire Constabulary, HARM: Honour Abuse Research Matrix, UCLan, UK.
‘Honour’-based violence in a British South Asian community.
Emerald Publishing Literati Award winner 2019 for Highly Commended Paper.
Roxanne Khan, Shamam Saleem and Roxanne Khan (2018)
Safer Communities, 17 (1). pp. 11-21.
Attitudes toward intimate partner ‘honor’-based violence in India, Iran, Malaysia and Pakistan.
Michelle Lowe, Roxanne Lowe, Thanzami, Vanlal, Mahsa Barzy and Rozina Karmaliani (2018)
Journal of Aggression, Conflict & Peace Research. Special Edition: ‘Honour’ Killing, Violence & Abuse, 10 (4), 283-89.
HARM is a multi-agency network founded by Dr. Roxanne Khan, in response to this complex problem.
The HARM network is facilitating multiple collaborations, unifying the worlds of research, policy and practice. HARM provides a visible and professional platform to connect various stakeholders working collectively to eradicate all forms of honour abuse.
The core aims of HARM are to develop research evidence to better inform government and social policy to aid front line responses and to share good practice.
We are guided by a core ethos—that professionals hear and respect survivors, and to value them as key stakeholders.
- Quality research outputs
- Annual conference
- Policy change strategy
- Training and consultancy development
- Education programmes
- Survivor platform
- Ambassador project
"I think HARM is a really brilliant idea, it is a fantastic project that I'm proud tobe associated with."— Dexter Dias, QC. Keynote at HARM Conference 2019.
An introduction to our network ambassadors can be found in the Members section. We are extremely proud of the work our ambassadors do to further research, drive policy and practice change, build awareness and support victims of honour-based violence and forced marriage. We work closely on numerous projects and initiatives to advance the HARM agenda.
HARM’s first conference was supported by the Criminal Justice Partnership, UCLan, Halo Project, Naz and Matt Foundation, Humraaz, Shakti, Equality and Diversity, UCLan. Our second conference, scheduled for 2020, will be hosted by Manchester Metropolitan University.
Antigay “Honor” Abuse: A Multinational Attitudinal Study of Collectivist- Versus Individualist Orientated Populations in Asia and England. Rozina Karmaliani, The Aga Khan University, Pakistan. Vanlal Thanzami, Monash University, Malaysia. Mahsa Barzy, University of Kent. Michelle Lowe, University of Bolton.
‘Honour’-based violence in a British South Asian community. Michelle Lowe, University of Bolton.
‘Honour’ abuse: the experience of South Asians who identify as LGBT in North West England. Lancashire Constabulary report commissioned by DSupt. Vicki Evans, Head of Public Protection & Crime Ops for Cumbria Police. Michelle Lowe, University of Bolton. Beth Hall, UCLan.
Attitudes toward intimate partner “honor”-based violence in India, Iran, Malaysia and Pakistan. Vanlal Thanzami, Monash University, Malaysia. Mahsa Barzy, University of Kent. Michelle Lowe, University of Bolton. Rozina Karmaliani, The Aga Khan University, Pakistan.
Honour abuse, violence, and killings are a public health crisis affecting millions of people worldwide.
As honour abuse is committed under the guise of cultural or religious practice, it is often unreported or ignored - victims are further isolated and forced to suffer in silence.
Research in this area is limited so it is critical to improve our understanding of how and why this abuse occurs, using robust research to guide policy and practice responses.
- Multidisciplinary network
- Quality research collaborations
- Systematic approach
- Sharing good practice
- Survivor platform
The work of HARM members has had a significant and positive impact in the research community and professional practice, leading to individual, organisational, community and social change.
The work of our diverse membership is leading the way in forming a clear multidimensional evidence-based strategy. This is being achieved by connecting esteemed researchers to collaborate on robust research, to investigate on how to improve crime reporting and recording practices, to better support victims, and reduce barriers to help-seeking. We also deliver tailor-made, evidence-based CPD training and a consultancy portfolio, providing education and awareness pro-grammes to empower high risk groups.
HARM offers a platform to share good practice via an annual conference, guest lecturers, an ambassador project, regular newsletters and a strong social media presence.
- University of Bristol
- Manchester Metropolitan University
- University of Kent
- Monash University, Malaysia
- University of Bolton
- Leeds Beckett University
- The Aga Khan University, Pakistan
- Lancashire Constabulary
- Criminal Justice Partnership, UCLan
- Naz and Matt Foundation
- Halo Project
Director, Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM)
School of Psychology University of Central Lancashire Preston Lancashire, UK PR1 2HE
Dr. Roxanne Khan, UCLan, Shamam Saleem and Dr. Michelle Lowe, Bolton University are 2019 winners of Emerald Literati Awards for Highly Commended Paper ‘Honour’ -based violence in a British South Asian community, published in Safer Communities.
Winner: Emerald Lierati Awards 2019
‘Honour’-based violence in a British South Asian community
Perception and barriers: reporting female genital mutilation
HARM Ambassador Dr. Geetanjali Gangoli, University of Bristol, Professor Aisha Gill, University of Roehampton, Dr. Natasha Mulvihill and Dr. Marianne Hester, both University of Bristol, win 2019 Emerald Literati Awards for Outstanding Paper, published in Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research special edition edited by HARM Director, Dr. Roxanne Khan.
HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICES: BUILDING PARTNER-SHIPS TO DEVELOP EVIDENCE BASED SOLUTIONS. Honour Abuse Research Matrix #HARM2020 Conference, hosted by Manchester Metropolitan University. Speakers: Dr. Leyla Hussein OBE, Payzee Mahmod, Diana Nammi, Professor Karen Harrison, Sameer Neelam, Nazir Afzal OBE, Beth Hall, Dr. Roxanne Khan.
People at HARM conference
HARM2019 Conference registration desk at the Harris Museum, Preston
Dexter Dias QC opens HARM 2019 Conference
First Annual Conference - A new paradigm: developing multidisciplinary partnerships to combat honour violence, forced marriage and FGM. #HARM2019
Dexter Dias QC opened with a rousing keynote speech to a packed conference at the historic Harris Museum, Preston.
Speakers included HARM Director Dr. Roxanne Khan, Professor Rusi Jaspal, Nazir Afzal OBE, Caroline Goode QPM, Yasmin Khan, Professor Karl Robers, Dr. Maz Idriss, Shaheen Hashmat, Dr Lis Bates and Dr Geetanjali Gangoli.
HARM Launch 2018
Honour Abuse Research Matrix #HARMLaunch
A solution-orientated network of professionals and academics working collectively to combat honour abuse.
Speakers: Nazir Afzal OBE, Dr. Roxanne Khan, Dr. Rachael Aplin, Faeeza Vaid, Matt Mahmood-Ogston and Yasmin Khan.
HARM Launch 2018 at UCLan
- July 2020
- June 2020
- April 2020
- January 2020
- November 2019
- September 2019
- June 2019
Join 100s of Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) members
- Get the latest HARM news
- Feature your own stories and events
- Find out about upcoming events
Subscribe to our newsletter now
Nazir Afzal Harmful Traditional Practices Essay Competition
- Win a first prize of £500
- VIP invitation to Honour Abuse Research Matrix annual conference
- Presentation of your prize by Nazir Afzal OBE
- Your essay published by HARM, UCLan
Welcome to the Honour Abuse Research Matrix annual Nazir Afzal Essay Competition.
The competition is named after British solicitor and former Chief Crown Prosecutor Nazir Afzal OBE who, during a 24 year career, has prosecuted some of the most high profile cases in the country, and led nationally on numerous legal topics including Violence against Women & Girls, child sexual abuse, and honour based violence.
The Nazir Afzal Essay Competition 2020 is now open for your chance to win £500.
The aim of the competition is to encourage quality research and writing on marginalized victimology themes, engage students and key stakeholders internationally in a creative way, and to drive positive societal change.
We encourage entries from students and academics, teachers, professionals, survivors and activists.
"This competition is about encouraging people to think about how we can elimainate harmful traditional practices entirely."— Nazir Afzal, OBE
“A quite extraordinary piece of work, well researched and very accessible”, Nazir Afzal OBE.
Congratulations to Mariel McKone Leonard on her winning entry:
Not ‘them’, ‘us’: The necessity of recognising ‘harmful traditional practices in all communities
Nazir Afzal OBE announces winner 2020
Policy and practice based on systematic research evidence produces better outcomes.
As part of her consultancy portfolio, Dr. Roxanne Khan develops training courses based on the best available current empirical research, survivor consultation, and the expertise and judgement of HARM members working in policy and front-line roles.
This interdisciplinary approach, and increased communication and interaction between the spheres of research, policy, and practice, means that these training courses offer the very best in sustainable, meaningful, continuing professional development CPD.
- Research and Project Work
- Policy and Procedures
- Handbooks and Policy Briefs
- Domestic Abuse
- Honour Violence and Forced Marriage
- Female Genital Mutilation
- Child abuse
- Trainer Training
Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) maintain links and ongoing project collaborations with numerous UCLan departments, outside agencies, universities and research groups, locally, nationally and internationally.
- Criminal Justice Partnership
- Youth and Justice
- The School of Law and Social Science
- Forensic Psychology Research Group
- Mental Health and Criminal Justice
Scroll or swipe on small screens to see all table columns
|Name of Organisation||About||Web Link||Relationship|
|Lancashire Against Domestic Abuse||Multi agency steering group based at Lancashire Constabulary HQ. Police, local government, probation and prisons, NHS & CCG represented.||N/A||Dr. Roxanne Khan, HARM Director, is Academic Lead for the group.|
|School for Policy Studies University of Bristol||Centre for Gender and Violence Research group.||School for Policy Studies||Research and other publishing collaboration.|
|Halo Project||Honour violence and forced marriage support charity.||HALOproject.org||HARM Ambassador, Yasmin Khan, is a national government advisor and Director of Halo Project.|
|Monash University, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Malaysia||Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences is addressing society's biggest challenges in medical, health and psychological sciences.||Department of Psychology||Dr. Vanlal Thanzami of JCSMHS is a member of HARM and collaborates with HARM members on international research projects.|
|Aga Khan University, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Pakistan||Opened in 1980, the School has collaborated with several public and private sector institutions, regulatory bodies and federations, and NGOs within Pakistan and internationally.||School of Nursing and Midwifery||Professor Rozina Karmaliani of AKU collaborates with HARM members honour abuse research.|
|Manchester Metropolitan University||Major university in the UK.||MMU.ac.uk||Dr. Maz Idriss is Ambassador of HARM and has spoken at our conference. MMU will host our 2020 conference.|
|University of Kent||University in south-west UK.||Kent.ac.uk||Mahsa Barzy has collaborated on honour abuse research with HARM members.|
|University of Bolton||University based in Greater Manchester, UK.||Bolton.ac.uk||Dr. Michelle Lowe has collaborated on honour abuse research with HARM members. She co-authored a prize winning paper in 2019.|
|Leeds Beckett University||University based in West Yorkshire, UK.||Leedsbeckett.ac.uk||Dr. Rachael Aplin is a HARM Ambassador and conference speaker.|
|Lancashire Constabulary||Lancashire Police HQ, Hutton.||Lancashire Constabulary||Commissioned report written by HARM Director and members.|
Press and Media
We are always happy to work with journalists around the world to share compelling stories about our members’ research and innovations. If you’re a member of the media and would like to talk, please email us at HARMnetwork@uclan.ac.uk
National study into honour abuse wins national publishing award.
A national study into honour abuse has been recognised for its research impact by a national publisher.
The article, Honour-based violence in a British South Asian community, has been named as one of the winners of the 2019 Emerald Literati Awards for Excellence.
Published in the journal Safer Communities, it was co-written by Dr Roxanne Khan and Shamam Saleem from the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), alongside Dr Michelle Lowe from the University of Bolton.
Anti-LGBTI violence still acceptable in many countries, new study shows
Men are more likely to endorse anti-gay violence than women.
The study on the Journal of Interpersonal Violence by the Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) at the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), analysed attitudes to violence against the LGBT community. The research focused on five countries: India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Iran and England.
What It's Like To Lose Your Sister in an Honour Killing
"My sister’s death should have been the last of these crimes."
“Policies and preventative strategies are lacking at a national level, and this has had a negative impact on public agency’s awareness and understanding of honour-based abuse,” Dr. Roxanne Khan tells Broadly. “This places victims at risk, especially for those whose cases are more related to organised crime, as in Banaz’s heartbreaking case.”
New network aims to tackle honour-based abuse
The former Chief Prosecutor for the North West, Nazir Afzal OBE, has given his backing to a new global network fighting honour-based abuse.
The senior British lawyer was at the launch of the University of Central Lancashire’s (UCLan) Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM), which will bring people together to influence policies and develop new strategies in the fight against honour-based abuse, violence, killings and forced marriage.
'Migrant slavery and abuse victims need more help’
Dr Roxanne Khan is the director of the Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) Network, a group of academics, front-line professionals, NGOs and policymakers working to tackle the issue. She told Eastern Eye: “The UK government has focused on creating legislation to criminalise forced marriages. While this is a promising start, other forms of abuse more common to BAME women have been unaddressed. “As a result, NGOs and charities have been left to raise the profile of domestic slavery and so-called ‘honour’ abuse.”
Young, gay and married - Britons wed to avoid abuse
Psychologist Khan said many LGBT people experience severe distress, choosing between sexuality and family, especially if they are religious. She said that often leads to depression, loneliness, self-hatred, low self-esteem and suicidal thoughts.
HARM on BBC Radio
Listen to Director of HARM Network, Dr Roxanne Khan, on BBC Radio talking about our research and the importance of raising awareness about honour crimes | 1hour, 23mins, 50 secs).
Honour abuse study awarded for research impact
Honour-based violence in a British South Asian community, has been named as one of the winners of the 2019 Emerald Literati Awards for Excellence.
Tackling Honour-Based Abuse
“UCLan’s Honour Abuse Research Matrix (HARM) unites researchers, police forces, charities and other organisations in fight against honour-based violence…”
Anti-gay violence still socially acceptable in many countries
“An international study into honour abuse has found that anti-gay violence is still very much endorsed around the
For regular news and updates about the work of our members please follow Honour Abuse Research Matrix on Twitter, YouTube and Wakelet. Twitter
If you or someone you know is in immediate danger call 999 and ask for Police.
Help and advice
There are a number of national charities and support organisations you can contact for help. The following offer services ranging from confidential advice and friendly support, to practical assistance and legal guidance.
Halo Project provide the emergency help you need to: Obtain a safe place to live, understand your welfare and benefits entitlements, gain police protection and public safety, gain court ordered protection.
Telephone: 01642 683 045 | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Refuge and Women’s Aid run a freephone 24 hour helpline for victims of domestic violence, including ‘honour’-based violence or forced marriage. See their website for a comprehensive guide to their services.
Telephone: 0808 2000 247
Forced Marriage Unit (FMU) operates a public helpline to provide advice and support to victims of forced marriage as well as to professionals dealing with cases. The assistance provided ranges from safety advice, through to helping a forced marriage victim prevent their unwanted spouse moving to the UK (‘reluctant sponsor’ cases). In extreme circumstances the FMU will assist with rescues of victims held against their will overseas.
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7008 0151 | Email: email@example.com
Karma Nirvana offer confidential help and support for victims and those at risk of honour abuse and forced marriage in the UK. Lines are open 9am – 5pm, Monday to Friday.
Telephone: 0800 5999 247
Naz and Matt Foundation are a charity who hold regular support group meetings and one-to-one support or mentoring for LGBTQI+ individuals and parents from religious or faith backgrounds .
You can also search for local and national services for victims and those at risk. It is important that you seek advice the moment you suspect something is wrong.