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Health and International Justice

UCLan’s Centre for Professional Ethics works alongside major international partners to ensure its research activity is influencing policy making and planning directly.

Health and International Justice


With the technological divide between rich and poor wider today than ever before, almost one-third of the world’s population is excluded from the benefits of science, including access to healthcare.

Research activity within the Centre for Professional Ethics analyses the institutional frameworks that contribute to this divide, with findings and results feeding directly into policy making and planning.

With a network of global collaborators, work takes place with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology, the World Health Organisation (WHO), the United Nations Environment Programme, government advisory bodies in Europe and India, and a number of leading global academic institutions.

Key areas of research include:

  • Benefit sharing with developing countries for access to plants, animals, micro-organisms and related traditional knowledge
  • Ethical governance of science in Europe, China and India, focusing on nanotechnology, synthetic biology and novel foods
  • Intellectual property rights and their impact on access to drugs for the poor

To find out more about research in the Centre for Professional Ethics, contact Professor Doris Schroeder
Tel: +44 (0)1772 892550 Email:


The Director of the Centre, Professor Doris Schroeder, serves on a variety of expert committees for the European Commission and also advises the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research and the National Research Foundation in South Africa on a regular basis.

She has been invited to all continents and most European countries to present her research on benefit sharing and has collaborated with ministries in Kenya, South Africa and Brazil.

Dr Miltos Ladikas has served as a Science Policy Adviser to the UNESCO East-Asian Office.

Professor Thomas Pogge’s work on an intellectual property rights reform plan (undertaken at Yale, the Australian National University and UCLan) has been highlighted by the WHO, the Organisation for Co-operation and Development, through publication in Nature Medicine and by a group of highly influential supporters, including the President of the British Academy and the Chairman of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

This research theme contributes to the cross-disciplinary research sub-theme Evidence for Societal Change.

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