Lecturer in Policing
School of Justice
Paul teaches on our undergraduate Professional Policing and masters Criminal Justice degree programmes. With an academic research background in domestic violence, stalking, parricide and decision-making, he has contributed to the research and dissemination of several projects of both national and international significance, and supervises postgraduate student projects across a range of criminal justice topics.
Paul is part of our policing team where he leads and teaches on second and third-year modules for our undergraduate Professional Policing programme. He prepares and delivers lectures, seminars and workshops to students on a range of subject matter including evidence-based policing, decision-making, research methods, professional policing standards, and diversity and inclusion. He also teaches quantitative and qualitative research methods to postgraduate students studying across a range of criminal justice courses. Paul has a research background that is interdisciplinary, predominantly domestic violence/abuse risk assessment and intervention, but includes youth violence intervention, and the professional response to stalking and to parricide. He has publications in the 'Journal of Family Violence' and 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'.
Prior to joining us, Paul worked as a researcher for five years within our School of Social Work, Care and Community. He contributed to various research projects and service evaluations in this time, creating suitable measures and data collection materials, interviewing professionals and service users, conducting quantitative and qualitative data analysis, and report writing. Alongside this, he conducted his own doctoral research into the police risk assessment of domestic violence/abuse. Throughout his research experience, he has presented at national and international conferences including the National Policing Conference (POLCON) and the European Conference on Domestic Violence.
He has also worked in food retail for 24 years, many of those years in a managerial role. In 2006/7 he also worked voluntarily as a person centred counsellor within a prisoner's family support group.
- MSc Forensic Psychology, UCLan, 2014
- BSc Applied Psychology, Liverpool John Moore's University, 2011
- Diploma in Counselling, Liverpool Community College, 2006
- Policy implementation
- Youth Violence Intervention
- Victimisation and Perpetration of Criminal Behaviour
- Connect Centre for International Research on Interpersonal Violence and Harm membership
For his doctoral research, Paul explored the frontline implementation of the Domestic Abuse Stalking Honour based violence Risk Identification Checklist (DASH RIC) by police officers and their risk level decisions. Tackling domestic abuse has become a key issue for police forces, and advancements are still at a relatively early stage.
His aim was to inform policymakers and managers of the challenges faced by frontline officers when attending reports of domestic abuse and how they make key risk level decisions in the context of those challenges. Paul was part of a Connect Centre research team that helped to create and evaluate a new early intervention service for families experiencing domestic abuse. It was the first project of its kind to use the risk level decision of frontline police officers as automatic referral to an intervention service. He adopted a whole family approach and provide practical and emotional support at the earliest opportunity to avoid escalation and ongoing abuse. It required close collaboration between the academic team, service provider, local services and the police. It was a challenging, but nonetheless valuable experience, which highlighted the difficulties of multi-disciplinary working and engaging families in service provision after police attendance.
He also worked on an evaluation of a jointly funded Premier League/Children in Need youth violence intervention pilot programme. Community Club Organisations (CCOs) associated with Premier League clubs working with vulnerable young people who were exposed to violence. Paul was involved in all aspects of the evaluation work including making and maintaining contact with CCOs travelling across the country, creating suitable measures and data collection materials, interviewing staff and young people, quantitative and qualitative analysis, report writing, and disseminating findings. The evaluation culminated in a 150-page report of findings and recommendations presented to CCOs, the Premier League and Children in Need.
Paul also contributed to a rapid evidence review commissioned by the NSPCC, entitled ‘Early Childhood and the Intergenerational Cycle of Domestic Violence’ which was published in November 2019, and also to a research review of Domestic Homicide Reviews.
In 2020, along with a colleague, Paul conducted an evaluation of the Paladin National Stalking Advocacy Service. Key findings from this research included victims' poor experiences of the police response and staff accounts of poor understanding of stalking within the Criminal Justice System. Stalking, like domestic abuse and youth violence, is a high impact area for policing research. The work culminated in a report of findings and recommendations, which was disseminated at a Connect Centre conference in the same year. As a result of this work, Paul co-authored on a journal article published in September 2020 on the implications of COVID-19 restrictions on stalking victims.
Use the links below to view their profiles:
- Criminal Justice Partnership
- Connect Centre for International Research on Interpersonal Violence and Harm
- Factors affecting implementation of the initial police risk assessment and officer's risk level decisions in cases of intimate partner violence/abuse, 2015-2022
- ‘They speak for you when you can’t speak’: An Evaluation of the Paladin Service, 2020
- Roadmap: Evaluation of domestic violence/abuse services 2018- 2020
- Breaking the Cycle of Youth Violence, 2018-2020
- Step Up: Early Intervention for Children Living with Domestic Abuse, 2015-2019
- Parricide: A review of domestic homicides, 2018
- POLCON6, 2015
- 2nd European Conference on Domestic Violence, 2017
- Connect Centre Conference, 2020