School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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Subject Areas: History
Jonathan Westaway is a Research Fellow in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences. He is also the Research Impact Manager at UCLan, based in the Research and Innovation Office.
Jonathan’s main research interest is in the history of mountaineering and the outdoor movement. His recent research has examined the influence of European physical-cultural models on the development of sport, leisure and recreation in Britain. ‘The German Community in Manchester, Middle-Class Culture and the Development of Mountaineering in Britain, c.1850-1914’, English Historical Review, June 2009, CXXIV, took a transnational historical approach, examining the influence of Anglo-German elements in the Manchester bourgeoisie and their promotion of progressive education, outdoor education, rational recreation and new cultural approaches to landscape, in particular the role of the kindergarten and gymnastics movements. The contribution of climbers and mountaineers to the construction of the Lake District as a cultural landscape forms the basis of Jonathan’s book chapter 'The Origins and Development of Mountaineering and Climbing Tourism in the Lake District, c.1800-1914' in John K. Walton and Jason Woods (eds), The Making of a Cultural Landscape: the English Lake District as Tourist Destination, 1750-2010 (Ashgate, October 2013). The book provides the first modern assessment of the role, scope and importance of tourism in shaping the region’s cultural identity and has been published at a time when the Lake District authorities are resubmitting their bid to UNESCO to achieve World Heritage landscape status.
Jonathan’s research links his interests in liberalism, modernity, masculinity, physical culture, education, landscape and technology in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. Changing notions of masculinity, human agency, body management and physical cultivation amongst mountaineers, climbers and ramblers, particularly in response to the challenges that the Anglo-Boer War and that the Great War presented to notions of Imperial masculinity, form the subject of a number of articles: ‘Mountains of Memory, Landscapes of Loss: Scafell Pike and Great Gable as War Memorials, 1919-1924’ Landscapes, November 2013 Vol.14 (2), looks at post-War landscape sacralisation, examining the debates surrounding memorialization and their influence on notions of landscape access and preservation. ‘“Men who can last”: Mountaineering endurance, the Lake District Fell Records and the campaign for Everest, 1919-1924’, Sport in History, special issue on Gender and British Climbing Histories, 2013, Vol.33 (4), examines the post-War reconstruction of masculinity around concepts of endurance and how body management systems derived from physiological models were ultimately applied to the problem of the conquest of Everest in the period 1921-1924. In 2014 Jonathan will be publishing an examination of the mountaineer Eric Shipton’s travel writing and diplomatic career entitled ‘That Undisclosed World: Eric Shipton’s Mountains of Tartary (1950)’ in the journal Studies in Travel Writing.
Ph.D History, Lancaster University, 1996.
M.A. (Distinction) Modern Social History, Lancaster University, 1991
Jonathan Westaway, ‘The German Community in Manchester, Middle-Class Culture and the Development of Mountaineering in Britain, c. 1850-1914’. English Historical Review, 2009, CXXIV (508), pp.571-604. doi:10.1093/ehr/cep144
Jonathan Westaway, ‘“Men who can last”: Mountaineering endurance, the Lake District Fell Records and the campaign for Everest, 1919-1924’, Sport in History, special issue on Gender and British Climbing Histories, 2013, Vol.33 (3) pp.303-332. Doi: 10.1080/17460263.2013.826438
Jonathan Westaway, ‘Mountains of Memory, Landscapes of Loss: Scafell Pike and Great Gable as War Memorials, 1919-1924’ Landscapes, November 2013 Vol.14 (2).
J. Westaway, ‘That Undisclosed World: Eric Shipton’s Mountains of Tartary (1950)’, Studies in Travel Writing special issue on Xinjiang, 2014, Vol. 18 (4), 2014, 357-373. DOI:10.1080/13645145.2014.964457
J. Westaway, ‘The weaponization of the pastoral: manhunting games in the English Lake District, 1890-1914’ Military Masculinities in the long Nineteenth Century, University of Hull, UK 20th -21st May 2015. https://militarymasculinities.wordpress.com/
J. Westaway, ‘Rituals of Extinction: Manhunting games in the British Outdoor Movement, 1890-1914’, invited plenary at the Re-thinking the Rural seminar, Wednesday 20th May, 1 – 4.15pm, In Certain Places, UCLan http://incertainplaces.org/about/
J. Westaway, ‘Rituals of Extinction: Manhunting games in the British Outdoor Movement, 1890-1914’, Spaces of Attunement Symposium, University of Cardiff, 30th-31st March, 2015.http://www.authorityresearch.net/spaces-of-attunement-symposium.html
J. Westaway, ‘That Undisclosed World: Eric Shipton and the Imperial Security State’, Kendal Mountain Festival 2014, Brewery Arts Centre, Kendal, UK. Invited public lecture.
Rituals of Extinction: Manhunting Games in the British Outdoor Movement, 1890-1914.
World Congress of Environmental History, 8-12 July 2014, Portugal
Mountains of Memory, Landscapes of Loss: Scafell Pike and Great Gable as War Memorials, 1919-1924.
The Great War at Home: 83rd Anglo-American Conference of Historians, 3-4 July 2014, IHR, London.
“A banner with a strange device”: Longfellow’s Excelsior and the metonymical presence of Idealism in mountaineering.
Literature and Physical Culture Conference, 10-11 April 2014, International Centre for Sports History and Culture, De Montfort University, Leicester.
Envisioning Switzerland in the Manchester Guardian, 1890-1925:
C. E. Montague, British mountaineering and the Swiss tourist industry.
150 Years of Popular Tourism in Switzerland - The Great Outdoors, 16th October 2013, De Montfort University.
Member of the British Society for Sports History.
Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society – Institute of British Geographers
Member of the Royal Historical Society