Explore our research

  • Mental Health

The Mental Health and Criminal Justice Group of the Criminal Justice Partnership offers cross-disciplinary excellence in relation to research and knowledge around mental health and criminal justice.

The mental health theme examines key issues related to mental health and the criminal justice system.  We are particularly interested in matters of diversity, the interface between services, prevention and risk, and interventions to ensure the streamlining and inclusivity of services for vulnerable people.  Public health and the needs of persons with mental illness within the criminal justice system is also a key priority for us.  Partnership working is central to our group and we are keen to foster links with agencies, organisations and users of services and their families for whom criminal justice is important.

Our work is cross disciplinary and the Group consists of academics from consists of academics from Policing, Nursing, Community Health, Art Design and Fashion, Law, Management, Psychology, Criminology, and Social Work.

Professor Joy Duxbury is Lead for Mental Health and Criminal Justice Group . Joy is Professor in Mental Health Nursing. She is research active in the area of mental health and wellbeing and leads the Centre for Mental Health and Wellbeing within the School of Health. She has a background in forensic and acute inpatient mental health care. Joy has conducted extensive research into staff and patients perspectives on aspects of risk and safety with a specific focus upon aggression, coercive practices and medication management. Her work and publications reflect her interest in applied social justice

There are four other research groups under the Criminal Justice Partnership theme. Find out more below.

Social and Restorative Justice
Youth and Justice
Violence and Aggression

  • Mental Health
  • Well being
  • Restraint
  • Health settings
  • Horticulture in prisons
  • Mental health and policing

The Mental Health and Criminal Justice Group takes a ‘real world’ approach to research. We have a large number of researchers doing ‘real’ world projects, closely connected to those working in the criminal justice and health sectors and the community. We recognise the need for a responsive, timely, tailored approach to find solutions that are evidence based. 

We publish high quality research in peer-reviewed international academic journals. Examples include:

Saini, P., Chantler, K., & Kapur, N. (2017). GPs’ views and perspectives on patient non-adherence to treatment in primary care prior to suicide. Journal of Mental Health, 1-8.

Baybutt, M., & Chemlal, K. (2016). Health-promoting prisons: Theory to practice. Global Health Promotion, 23(1), 66-74.

Husain, N., Gire, N., Kelly, J., Duxbury, J., McKeown, M., Riley, M., Farooq, S. (2016). TechCare: Mobile assessment and therapy for psychosis–an intervention for clients in the early intervention service: A feasibility study protocol. SAGE Open Medicine, 4.

McKeown, M., Jones, F., Wright, K., Spandler, H., Wright, J., Fletcher, H., Turton, W. (2016). It's the talk: A study of involvement initiatives in secure mental health settings. Health Expectations, 19(3), 570-579.

Pulsford, D., Duxbury, J., & Carter, B. (2016). Personal qualities necessary to care for people with dementia. Nursing Standard, 30(37), 38-44.

Riahi, S., Thomson, G., & Duxbury, J. (2016). An integrative review exploring decision‐making factors influencing mental health nurses in the use of restraint. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 23(2), 116-128.

Saini, P., Chantler, K., While, D., & Kapur, N. (2016). Do GPs want or need formal support following a patient suicide?: A mixed methods study. Family Practice, 33(4), 414-420.

Coffey, M., Pryjmachuk, S., & Duxbury, J. (2015). The shape of caring review: What does it mean for mental health nursing? Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 22(9), 738-741.

Dixey, R., Nyambe, S., Foster, S., Woodall, J., & Baybutt, M. (2015). Health promoting prisons–An impossibility for women prisoners in Africa? Agenda, 29(4), 95-102.

Duxbury, J. (2015). Minimizing the use of coercive practices in mental health: The perfect storm. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 22(2), 89-91.

Ramdour, S., Duxbury, J., Becket, G., & Wilson, S. (2015). A cross‐sectional observational study of healthcare professional views of factors affecting teenage adherence with antipsychotic medication. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 22(7), 491-501.

LeBel, J. L., Duxbury, J. A., Putkonen, A., Sprague, T., Rae, C., & Sharpe, J. (2014). Multinational experiences in reducing and preventing the use of restraint and seclusion. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 52(11), 22-29.

Saini, P., While, D., Chantler, K., Windfuhr, K., & Kapur, N. (2014). Assessment and management of suicide risk in primary care. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 35(6), 415.

Duxbury, J., Pulsford, D., Hadi, M., & Sykes, S. (2013). Staff and relatives' perspectives on the aggressive behaviour of older people with dementia in residential care: A qualitative study. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 20(9), 792-800.

Hunter, C., Chantler, K., Kapur, N., & Cooper, J. (2013). Service user perspectives on psychosocial assessment following self-harm and its impact on further help-seeking: A qualitative study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 145(3), 315-323.

Pulsford, D., Crumpton, A., Baker, A., Wilkins, T., Wright, K., & Duxbury, J. (2013). Aggression in a high secure hospital: Staff and patient attitudes. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 20(4), 296-304.

Eadie, D., MacAskill, S., McKell, J., & Baybutt, M. (2012). Barriers and facilitators to a criminal justice tobacco control coordinator: An innovative approach to supporting smoking cessation among offenders. Addiction, 107(S2), 26-38.

Duxbury, J., & Whittington, R. (2005). Causes and management of patient aggression and violence: Staff and patient perspectives. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 50(5), 469-478.

  • Criminal justice organisations to work with UCLan to address challenges facing sector
  • In March 2017 we were pleased to have Dr. Anthony O’Brien lecturer in mental health nursing at the University of Auckland, New Zealand and a nurse specialist in liaison psychiatry, come to visit the Partnership. As part of Dr. O’Brien’s visit, UCLan hosted ‘An Audience with Tony O’Brien’, in which Professor Tim Thornton lead a conversation with Dr. O'Brien on his research and academic experiences. Additionally, a full day conference was held at Westleigh Conference Centre and centred on ‘Rethinking the Criminal Justice System and Mental Health’. This was a very popular event and included presentations from Dr. O’Brien, Professor Duxbury (UCLan), Inspector Michael Brown (College of Policing) and Sarah Swindley (CEO Lancashire Women’s Centre). The event was designed to promote ideas and relationships for better services for people with mental health problems and safety outcomes within the Criminal Justice System.
  • Joy Duxbury speaking at the 2014 Restraint Reduction Conference:

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  • Exploration of TASER use in Mental Health populations
  • Greener on the Outside in Prisons (GOOP)
  • Complex Trauma History
  • Self-inflicted deaths in custody