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Dr. Kartina A. Choong

Reader in Medical Law and Ethics

Lancashire Law School

Harris Building, HB212

+44 (0) 1772 89 3681

Subject Areas: Law

Dr Choong joined Lancashire Law School in academic year 2007/2008, having previously held academic appointments at the Universities of Durham, Leeds Metropolitan and Reading. She is a qualified Barrister, an Accredited Mediator, and an accredited Mediation Representative. She is a member of UCLan’s Research Ethics Committee for Business, Arts, Humanities and Social Science (BAHSS); and sits on the University Review Panel (URP), and the Culture and Creative Industries’ Faculty Ethics Committee.

Full Profile

Research interests: Medical Law and Ethics; Professional Liability; Mediation; Ethico-Legal Issues Surrounding Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Religiously and Culturally-Sensitive End of Life Care; Comparative Law, and Legal Pluralism.

Academic Qualifications:
  • Ph.D. (Medical Law), University of Manchester, 2001
  • M.A. Islamic Studies, University of Leeds, 2003
  • M.A.(Econ) Applied Social Research, University of Manchester, 1997
  • M.A. Health Care Ethics, University of Manchester, 1995
  • LL.B.(Hons), University of Cardiff, 1993
  • PG Cert. (Academic Practice), University of Reading, 2007
Professional Qualifications:
  • Barrister-at-Law, Lincoln’s Inn, London, 1995
  • Fellow, Higher Education Academy, 2011
  • Accredited Civil and Commercial Mediator, UCLan/Catalyst Mediation, 2014
  • Accredited Mediation Representative, UCLan, 2018


K.A. Choong & M. Rady, ‘Re A(A Child): Should a Secular Construct of Death Override Religious Values in a Pluralistic Society?’ (2018) 30(1) HealthCare Ethics Committee Forum: An Interprofessional Journal on Healthcare Institutions’ Ethical and Legal Issues (HEC Forum) 71-89.

R. Law & K.A. Choong, ‘Disorders of Consciousness: Is a Dichotomous Legal Approach Justified?’ (2018) 26 European Journal of Health Law 1-22.

L.J. Harkins, K. Beaver, P. Dey & K.A. Choong, ‘Navigating Cancer Using Online Communities: A Grounded Theory of Survivor and Family Experiences’ (2017) 11(6) Journal of Cancer Survivorship 658-669.

D. Casey & K.A. Choong, ‘Suicide Whilst Under GMC’s Fitness to Practise Investigation: Were Those Deaths Preventable?’ (2016) 37 Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 22-27.

More publications



‘Challenges to the Assisted Dying Law in the UK: From Pretty to Conway’ (with R. Law), International End of Life Colloquium, Florence, 25-27 June 2018 (invited paper).

‘E-Professionalism: Ethico-Legal Issues on the Use of Social Media’ (with U. Chauhan), GP Trainers’ Business Meeting, Middleton, 21 June 2018 (invited paper).

‘Death Before Organ Donation: Exploring the Chasm Between Lay and Professional Knowledge’, International Conference for Phenomenology of Medicine and Bioethics, Stockholm, Sweden, 13-15 June 2018.

‘Withdrawal of Treatment from Patients with Disorders of Consciousness: When Medicine and Religion Collide’ (with M. Chandia), 2nd International Conference on Bioethics in the New Age of Science, University of Szeged, Hungary, 10-11 May 2018.

‘Organ Procurement: Should Ghana Import a Western Definition of Death?’, Law, Medicine and Ethics Conference, Faculty of Law, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, 12 April 2018 (Keynote).

‘Do It But Don’t Get Caught? Exploring Social Media and the Professionalism of Law Students’ (with S. Price), Association of Law Teachers Conference, University of Keele, 26-27 March 2018.

‘Can All Healthcare Disputes be Mediated? Reflections on Charlie Gard and Similar Cases’, Medical Mediation Conference, UCLan Preston, 23 March 2018.

‘Presumed Consent for Organ Donation in England: Are We Forgetting Something?’, The End of Life Experience Global Conference: Dying, Death and Culture in the 21st Century, Lisbon, Portugal, 17-18 March 2018.

‘The Montgomery Ruling: Its Impact and Implications for Dentistry’, British Dental Association (North West) Meeting, Lytham, 20 November 2017 (invited paper).

‘Is the Rise of Mediation a Threat to Medical Law?’ 23rd World Congress for Medical Law, Azerbaijan, 10-13 July 2017.

‘Mediating Religious Objections to End of Life Care: Scope and Limitations’, UNESCO Chair in Bioethics 12th World Conference, Cyprus, 21-23 March 2017.

‘The Management of PVS Patients in the UK’s National Health Service and the Challenges for Faith Communities’ (with M. Chandia), European Association of Centres of Medical Ethics Conference, Leuven, Belgium, 8-10 September 2016.

‘An Outsider’s Perspective on Physician Suicide Whilst Under GMC Investigation’, 10th Annual Conference of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Royal College of Physicians, London, 6-7 May 2016 (invited paper).

‘A Comparative Study of the Islamic and Western Models of Mediation’, Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference 2016, University of Lancaster, 5-7 April 2016.

Conferences (Cont.)

‘Mediation at Lancashire Law School: The Value of Collaboration’ (with E. McAndry), Association of Law Teachers’ Annual Conference, University of Northumbria, 20-22 March 2016.

‘With the Luxury of Hindsight: Mediation of Medical Conflicts involving Children’, (with E. McAndry and O. Mclister), The National Conference of Learning from Conflict, Makron Stadium, Bolton, 10th September 2015.

‘An Appraisal of the Three-Parent Babies Technique from an Islamic Bioethics Perspective’ (with M. Chandia), 21st World Congress on Medical Law/4th International Conference on Islamic Bioethics, Coimbra, Portugal, 2-6 August 2015.

‘Surrogacy Tourism: The Ethical and Legal Challenges’ (with R. Gunputh), 5th Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Marketing and Management Conference, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Japan, 18-21 June 2015 (co-recipient of the ‘Best Paper of the Conference’ award sponsored by the International Journal of Tourism Sciences).

‘Mediating the Conflicting Attitudes of Doctors and Parents in the Treatment of Child Cancer Patients’ (with E. McAndry & D. Scullion), 2nd Changing Attitudes to Cancer Conference, UCLan, Preston, 22 April 2015.

‘Faith-Framed Donation: The Presumptions of English Law and the Islamic Contextual Challenge’ (with M. Chandia & N. Scott), Deconstructing Donation Conference, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, 15 December 2014.

‘Partial or Holistic Well-Being? Why the NHS Should Support Faith-Based Counselling’ (with M. Chandia & M. Yunus), 20th World Congress on Medical Law, Bali, Indonesia, 21-24 August 2014.

‘Losing Faith in the Dead Donor Rule’, The David Price Memorial Seminar Series on Issues of Faith and Belief and the Donation of Body Parts for Transplantation and Research, School of Law, DeMontfort University, Leicester, 16 December 2013 (invited paper).

‘Islam and Palliative Care’, UNESCO Chair in Bioethics 9th World Conference, Naples, Italy, 19-21 November 2013.

‘Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service: One Year On’ (with M. Barrett), 4th European Conference on Health Law, Coimbra, Portugal, 9-11 October 2013.

‘Forensic Physicians Liability for Written Evidence’ (with M. Barrett), Statement Writing and Courtroom Skills Conference, Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine (FFLM) of the Royal College of Physicians (RCP), London, 13 July 2013 (invited paper).

Conferences (Cont.)

‘The Conflation of Ethnicity and Religion in Malaysia: Impact and Implications’ (with M. Chandia), 11th International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary, 19-21 June 2013.

Expert Witnesses in English Law’, Guest Speaker, Faculty of Law, University of Mauritius, Mauritius, 12 June 2013 (invited paper).

‘Technology at the End of Life: “Medical Futility” and the Muslim PVS Patient’ (with M. Chandia), British and Irish Law Education and Technology Annual Conference, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, 11-12 April 2013.

‘Organ Procurement: A Case for Pluralism on the Definition of Death’, Dignity in Donation Conference, Nottingham Conference Centre, Nottingham, 27 April 2012.

‘Informed Consent and the Arab-Muslim Research Participant: Tensions and Challenges’, Qatar International Conference on Stem Cell Science and Policy 2012, Doha, Qatar, 27 February – 1 March 2012.

‘The Definition of Death in British ICUs’, Faculty of Medicine, University of Harran, Turkey, 29 December 2011 (invited paper).

'Not Ready for Change? The Courts and Pre-Contractual Negotiations' (with F. Botchway), North East Regional Obligations Group Workshop, World Trade Centre Hull and Humber, Hull, 2 July 2010.

‘Diversity, Sharia and Criminal Law: Is There a Way Forward?’, Multicultural Clinical Forensic Medicine seminar, Royal Society of Medicine (RSM), London, 20 June 2009 (invited paper).

‘Confidentiality Issues Surrounding Genetic Information in Health Records: A UK Perspective’, The Legal Aspects of the Use of Human DNA Conference organised by the Mauritius Research Council in collaboration with the University of Mauritius, Mauritius, 8-9 June 2009 (invited paper).

‘Parental Religious Beliefs in Medical Decision-Making: Tensions and Challenges’, an ESRC/AHRC-funded Seminar on Religion, Health and Autonomy, UCLan, 18 October 2008 (invited paper).

‘Access to the Health Records of Deceased Patients: Why the Law is in Need of Review’ (with J.P. Mifsud-Bonnici), 3rd International Conference on Legal, Security and Privacy Issues in Information Technology, Prague, The Czech Republic, 3-5 September 2008 (co-recipient of the Best Institution Award sponsored by the International Association of Information Technology Lawyers and Elsevier).

External Activities

External Examiner; University of Mauritius (2011-2014); DeMontfort University (2010-2013)

Committee Membership: British Medical Journal (BMJ) (Ethics Committee); UNESCO Chair in Bioethics International Forum of Teachers (UK Branch)

Grant Applications Referee for: The Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC); the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC); the Flanders Research Foundation of Belgium; the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR).

Reviewer for Articles and Book Proposals for: Applied Ethics: From Bioethics to Environmental Ethics; Australian Journal of Asian Law; European Journal of Comparative Law and Governance; Global Journal of Comparative Law; Journal of Medical Ethics; Journal of Civil and Legal Sciences; Journal of Religion and Health; UKM Journal of Management; Hodder Publications; Oxford University Press; Pearson Education; Routledge

Subject Specialist for Medical Ethics and Religion for: INTUTE: Arts & Humanities (formerly the HUMBUL Humanities Hub based at the University of Oxford) (2002-2010).

Visiting Lecturer: Multimedia University, Malaysia (February 2017); UCLan Cyprus (February 2016);Berlin School of Economics and Law, Germany (June 2015); Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic (May 2015); Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France, (April 2014); Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary (April 2013); University of Białystok, Poland (April 2012); University of Istanbul, Turkey (May 2011); University of Groningen, The Netherlands (May 2010)

Editorship: Journal of Medical Law and Ethics; Applied Ethics: From Bioethics to Environmental Ethics; KNUST Africa Healthcare Law Review

Judge: National Mediation Competition 2014/2015 and 2015/2016

Teaching Activities and Responsibilities

LW3007 Medicine and the Law (Module Leader)

LA3091 Tort Law (Module Leader)

LW2504 Tort Law

UM1020 Evidence Informed Practice of Medicine 1

UM2020 Evidence Informed Practice of Medicine 2

Supervision of PhD, MPhil, LLM, LLB and GDL Theses