Centre of Austronesian Studies
The Centre of Austronesian Studies (COAST) aims is to facilitate research exchange among Austronesian speaking nations.
With a total population of c. 400 million speakers, the principle connection is in their intuitive recognition. As an ethnolinguistic group of peoples in Taiwan, Southeast Asia, Oceania, and East Africa, the study of indigenous peoples is inseparably connected to the study of the Asia Pacific region. COAST plays an important role in maximising research impact on indigenous peoples by bridging academic disciplines and regions.
COAST is nestled under the Institute for the Study of the Asia Pacific (ISAP) which serves as the umbrella institute for Asia Pacific Studies at the University of Central Lancashire.
COAST Art Prize
The next COAST Art Prize period will be announced in October 2020 as part of the Communities Fiji Britain Festival celebrating Fiji’s 50 Year Anniversary of its Independence.
Please keep up to date with the announcement via our social media.
COAST Art Prize 2019 – More than Land: Sustainability in Asia Pacific Islands
Our 2019 prize focused on sustainability, and invited 6th form, college and University students across from across the UK to enter under the theme ‘More than land’. The aim of the competition was to begin the progression of insight and understanding of the Asia Pacific Islands resulting in artworks informed by issues of sustainability in Asia Pacific Indigenous Communities
Associate Research Fellows
Rik De Busser is an Associate Professor and the current Chair of the Graduate Institute of Linguistics at National Chengchi University in Taipei, Taiwan. He has a PhD from the Research Center for Linguistic Typology, La Trobe University, Australia. A descriptive linguist working in a functional-typological tradition, he specializes in the Austronesian languages of Taiwan and has conducted research on the Bunun language for more than 15 year.
Jas is currently the Project Manager for Manta Trust in Laamu Atoll, Maldives. During her degree in Marine and Natural History Photography, she documented the effects of and solutions to overfishing of marine environments, and felt the desire to pursue a career in marine conservation.
Professor David Blundell (PhD UCLA Anthropology) in 2002 was invited as a founding anthropologist for the International Master’s Program in Taiwan Studies at National Chengchi University, Taipei. This academic curriculum later became the International Master’s and Doctoral Program in Asia-Pacific Studies, currently facilitating advanced education for students representing about forty countries at National Chengchi University.
Prior to this appointment, in 1997 Dr. Blundell organized the first Taiwan indigenous studies conference at the University of California, Berkeley. The resulting publication Austronesian Taiwan: Linguistics, History, Ethnology, Prehistory (2000) ushered in a foundation of academic Asia-Pacific historical studies.
Professor Blundell is the founder and Director of the Asia-Pacific SpatioTemporal Institute (ApSTi), Top University Project in Digital Humanities, Research and Innovation-Incubation Center, National Chengchi University, Taipei.
He conducts research with the Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI), University of California, Berkeley, as Anthropology and Language Editor (ecai.org). His current ECAI project is based on geographic information systems (GIS) of historical maritime Buddhism and Austronesian voyaging across Monsoon Asia mapping trade and religious networks.
As a filmmaker, Dr. Blundell received the United Nations Day of Vesak 2014 Award for Best Documentary, Arising Light: Dr. B R Ambedkar and the Birth of a New Era in India.
His publications concern the anthropology of religion, Buddhism, visual anthropology, aesthetic anthropology, Austronesian languages, geographic information systems (GIS), Taiwan and Asia-Pacific as a cultural area.
Professor Bien Chiang is the Deputy Director at the Institute of Ethnology Academica Sinica, Taiwan and the Director at the Center of Austronesian Culture at the National Taitung University. He graduated from Penn with a PhD in Anthropology in 1993. His dissertation titled "House and Social Hierarchy of the Paiwan," was an ethnographic study of an Austronesian group of approximately 55,000 people inhabiting the southern part of the island of Taiwan. He became an Honorary Professor at the University of Central Lancashire on May 2019. Further recent publications include:
- Chinese Capital and Chinese Cultural Capital: A Case Study of Singkawang, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, in Yos Santasombat ed. The Sociology of Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia: Challenges and Prospects, Palgrave Macmillan.
- Ethnic Chinese Enterprises in Indonesia: A Case Study of West Kalimantan, in Yos Santasombat ed. Chinese Capitalism in Southeast Asia: Cultures and Practices, Singapore, Palgrave Macmillan.
- Changing Ethnoscape and Changing Landscape in Lao PDR: Social Impacts of PRC's Participation in the Greater Mekong Subregion Development Project, in Yos Santasombat ed. Impact of China’s Rise on the Mekong Region, New York Palgrave Macmillan.
- Market Price, Labour Input and Relation of Production in Sarawak’s Edible Birds’ Nest Trade, in Eric Taglizcozzo and Chang Wen-chin eds. Chinese Circulations: Capital, Commodities and Networks in Southeast Asia, Duke University Press, Durham”
Affiliated research fellows
Dean Karalekas has been a journalist, educator, and ethnographic filmmaker working in Asia since moving there from his native Canada in the mid-1990s. He obtained his Bachelor of Education (BEd) from Canada’s McGill University, and both his MA and PhD degrees at National Chengchi University in Taipei. His Master’s thesis analysed the efforts of Taiwan’s indigenous groups to negotiate self-government agreements based on the example of Canada’s First Nations peoples. He is the author of Civil-Military Relations in Taiwan: Identity and Transformation (ISBN: 9781787564824), as well as producer and director of the short film Rendezvous With the Moon, which won the Bobwundaye Wild At Heart Award for efforts in documenting indigenous histories, at the 2005 Urban Nomad Film Festival.
Futuru C.L. Tsai is an associate professor at National Taitung University and the 6th Board member of Directors for Taiwan Public Television Service Foundation (PTS). Futuru is also an ethnographic filmmaker and writer, who has produced several ethnographic films such as Amis Hip Hop (45 min, 2005), From New Guinea to Taipei (83 min, 2009), and The New Flood (51 min, 2010), Wings for Takasago Giyutai (65 min, 2017), and the books: The Anthropologist Germinating from the Rock Piles (Shiduei zhong faya de renleixuei jia)(Taipei: Yushanshe, 2009), From Dulan to New Guinea (Cung Dulan Dao Xinqineya)(Yushanse, 2011).
Tobie Openshaw is a documentary filmmaker and photographer based in Taiwan for 20 years. His work has been seen on channels such as National Geographic, Discovery, and the BBC. He has been invited to speak at institutions such as SOAS London, UCLan, Academia Sinica Taipei, and others, to share his experiences and insights on the Taiwan cultural landscape and social movements.
Tobie’s current passion lies with the marginalized indigenous people of Taiwan, with whom he has forged deep connections. His primary subjects of interest are the post-colonial transitional justice process, the impact of environmental and climate change on indigenous people, and the Austronesian connection across the Pacific.
Bob has a been a Lecturer in Community Leadership and Positive Environments Project Coordinator at UCLan on fixed contracts since 2004. During this time, he has also managed local, national and international community and student engagement research projects involving climate change communication and resilience or supporting vulnerable people, working a lot with refugees and asylum seekers. When not engaged with projects at UCLan, he has conducted climate change research in various parts of Asia, particularly focusing on levels of empowerment or resistance. Currently, he is researching the effects of climate change and ocean level rise on communities throughout Polynesia and the Pacific.
With a background in creative and visual arts, Bob has been raising awareness of the challenges and situations of people all over the world through film, art exhibitions, stories, workshops and events for audiences using innovative technologies and creative communication methods. Bob is also an early years researcher with various published materials. He is currently undertaking a Professional Doctorate in Climate Change Education with UCLan researching the use of innovative technologies, namely virtual reality, evaluating its use as a communication tool and to what extent this can positively engage participants.
The Formosan aborigines and the Spanish (1626–1642)
Previous histories of the Spanish settlement on Taiwan (1626–1642) have focused on the Spanish experience. The literature, however, contains some of the earliest written accounts of the island's aborigines. I hope to look at the current literature on the Spanish in Northern Formosa and extract details regarding the aborigines. I then hope to advance this research, finding new sources and reinvestigating the old ones to compile as complete a story as possible of aborigine life in Northern Taiwan in the early 1600s.
The International Roundtable on Climate Change in the Pacific
The International Roundtable on Climate Change in the Pacific, organised in partnership with Communities Fiji Britain, took place on 28th October 2020. The talk welcomed experts across multiple fields including: Professor at University of Central Lancashire, Prof Niki J.P. Alsford, Youth for Climate Hope Founder and Climate Activist, Ms Krishna Ariola, Lecturer in Asia Pacific Studies, Dr Ti-Han Chang, “There Once was an Island” Producer and Co-Director, Dr Lyn Collie, Lecturer at Kiel University, Dr Silja Klepp, Lecturer at University of Hawaii at Manoa, Dr Lesley Iaukea, “Anotes Ark” Director, Matthieu Rytz, and Tuvalu Climate Action Network Member, Dr Maina Talia.
Call for Papers: Climate Change in the Pacific: Exploring Indigenous Voices on Climate Change
Climate change is unequivocally having a detrimental impact on the lives of many Pacific island peoples. This has only been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has put enormous strains on already fragile systems. The lack of media attention on climate change in the wake of the pandemic has shifted global attention from the plight of a number of Pacific islands. As such, COAST launched its 2021 Call for papers in conjunction with the International Roundtable on Climate Change in the Pacific to promote continued research into the social effects of Climate Change on Pacific communities.
Asia Pacific Film Festival 2020
The Asia Pacific Film Festival took place in February 2020, bringing together films from across the Asia Pacific for screenings and Q&A sessions with the Directors. Films screened included: The Road, Anotes Ark, The Rice Bomber, Let It Be, Plastic China, Sanggye-Dong Olympic, Garden, Zoological, Whispering Star, and No Mans Zone. There were also talks from Sabrina Qiong Yu, Irena Hayter, Director Zanbo Zhang, and Director Toshi Fujiwara.