The Forensic Research Group (FRG) focuses on producing high impact research based on good quality outputs. There are five streams of primary research; Interpersonal violence; Sexual abuse and exploitation; Treatment evaluation and development; Applications to criminal and community justice systems; and Forensic mental health and disorder.
A core focus of the FRG is the application of research and advancement of understanding that can enhance practice, capturing the following core areas:
Interpersonal violence including victimisation, intimate partner violence, honour based violence, intra-group bullying, risk assessment, sleep and aggression, and critical incidents/hostage taking.
Sexual abuse and exploitation including working with victims and offenders, human trafficking, online exploitation.
Treatment evaluation and development including offender behaviour interventions and victim interventions.
Applications to criminal and community justice systems including delinquency, cybercrime, organised crime, terrorism and sentencing.
Forensic mental health and disorder including trauma, personality disorder, psychopathy,
self-injurious behaviour, gambling and severe mental illness.
We produce research that has clear impact on the development of forensic practice, the reduction of offending and the protection that can be afforded to victims. Examples of impact that FRG has been directly involved in, includes:
Examples of good quality outputs since 2015 include:
Archer, J., Carré, J. M. (2017). ‘Testosterone and aggression’. In B. Bushman (ed.), The Social Psychology of Aggression and Violence (pp. 90-104). Frontiers of Social Psychology series. New York: Psychology Press (Routledge).
Carré, J. M., Archer, J. (2018). Testosterone and human behavior: The role of individual and contextual variables. Current Opinion in Psychology, 19, 149-153.
Ireland, C.A., Alderson, K., Ireland, J. L. (2015) Sexual exploitation in children: Nature, prevalence and distinguishing characteristics reported in young adulthood. Journal of Aggression Maltreatment and Trauma, 24, pp. 603-622.
Ireland, J. L., Adams, C. (2015) Implicit cognitive aggression among young male prisoners: Association with dispositional and current aggression. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 41. pp. 89-94.
Ireland, J. L., Ireland, C.A, Lewis, M., Jones, C., Keeley, S.M. (2016) Initial development of an implicit and explicit approach to assess psychopathy. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 46, pp. 117-128
Ireland, J. L., Priday, L., Ireland, C.A., Chu, Simon et al (2016) Predicting hospital aggression in secure psychiatric care. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 2 (1). pp. 96-100.
Khan, R. (2017). Sibling violence: Validating a two-factor model of severity in non-offender populations. Psychology of Violence, 7, 498-507.
Khan, R., Kim, S., Brewer, G., Centifanti, L. C. (2017). Students, sex, and psychopathy: Borderline and psychopathy personality traits are differently related to women and men's use of sexual coercion, partner poaching, and promiscuity. Personality and Individual Differences, 107, 72-77.
Khan, R., Rogers, P. (2015) The normalization of sibling violence: Does gender and personal experience of violence influence perceptions of physical assault against siblings? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30, pp. 437-458
Lewis, M, Ireland, J. L. Abbott, J., Ireland, C. A. (2017) Initial development of the Psychopathic Processing and Personality Assessment (PAPA) across populations. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 54, pp. 118-132.
Sheridan, L., Scott, A., Archer, J., Roberts, K. (2017). Female undergraduates’ perceptions of intrusive behaviour in 12 countries. Aggressive Behavior, 43, 531-543.
Thornton, A, Graham-Kevan, N., Archer, J. (2015) Intimate partner violence: Are the risk factors similar for men and women, and similar to other types of offending? Aggressive behaviour, 42, pp. 404 – 412.
Recent international handbooks led by the FRG include:
Ireland, J. L., Ireland, C. A., Birch, P (Eds.) (forthcoming). Assessment, Treatment and Management of Violent and Sexual Offenders, 2nd Edition, Routledge: New York, US.
Ireland, J. L., Birch, P., Ireland. C. A. (Eds.) (2018), Routledge International Handbook on Aggression, Routledge: New York, US.
Ireland, J. L., Ireland, C. A., Fisher., M., Gredecki., N (Eds.) (2017) Routledge International Handbook of Forensic Psychology in Secure Settings. Routledge: New York, US
Dr Philip Birch, Honorary Research Fellow, Charles Sturt University, Australia.
Dr Jo Bryce, Senior Lecturer (Cybercrime).
Dr Robert Cramer, Honorary Research Fellow, Old Dominion University, US.
Professor Charlie Frowd, Professor of Forensic Psychology.
Professor Jane L. Ireland, Chartered Psychologist, Forensic Psychologist, Ashworth Research Centre Lead and Consultant Forensic Psychologist, CCATS.
Dr Carol A. Ireland, Chartered Psychologist, Forensic Psychologist, Clinical research lead, Ashworth Research Centre and Consultant Forensic Psychologist, CCATS.
Dr Roxanne Khan, Senior Lecturer (Forensic), Director of HARM (Honour Abuse Research Matrix).
Dr Michael Lewis, Chartered Psychologist, Lecturer (Forensic) and in-training Forensic Psychologist.
Dr Abigail Thornton, Senior Lecturer (Forensic).
Dr V J Willan, Senior Lecturer (Forensic)
The FRG is connected to five international journals, via Editor-In-Chief positions.
In addition, Professor Jane L. Ireland is Consulting Editor on Aggressive Behavior and the Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology.
Ashworth Research Centre, Mersey Care NHS Trust: a forensic-clinical research unit based in a high secure unit and managed by Professor Jane L Ireland, with senior research support from Dr Simon Chu, Dr Carol A Ireland and Dr Michael Lewis.
CCATS (Coastal Child and Adult Therapy Services), Poulton le Flyde. Lead clinician and research lead, Dr Carol A Ireland.
British Transport Police: core research collaborator, Dr Michael Lewis.
Maastricht University, Forensic Psychology Masters and Postgraduate Intern Scheme.
Forced Marriage, Honour Based Abuse & FGM steering group: Lancashire Partnership against Domestic Abuse. Academic partner: Dr Roxanne Khan.
The following represent recently completed and/or current PhD programmes of research supervised by the FRG: