Exploring Young People’s Accounts of Using Violence and Abuse Towards Parents: Causes, Contexts and Motivations
Child and adolescent to parent violence and abuse (CAPVA) is a harmful social problem that has received increasing academic and media attention over the past decade.
Despite a number of high-quality studies from the UK and overseas drawing on parent and practitioner accounts, the voices of young people are still relatively absent, with scant attention paid to how they perceive and experience this type of family abuse.
This seminar will explore the qualitative component of my mixed methods PhD study into young people’s experiences and perspectives of violence and abuse towards parents. Specifically, it will draw upon the in-depth interviews carried out with young people aged 14 to 18 within a sixth form college in the south of England and a youth offending service in the north west of England.
Within these interviews, young people gave rich insight into the impact of their abuse, as well as the pathways through which it developed, including experiences of past and ongoing child abuse, domestic abuse and peer violence, as well as pre-existing behavioural difficulties. Through their insights, the study developed an ecological framework for explaining how factors relating to stress and coping, trauma, emotion regulation, gender, and communication interacted to shape the dynamic.
In this seminar I will explore these various ‘drivers’ and dynamics, their implications for policy and practice and importantly, young people’s own articulations around their experiences and understandings of the issue, as well as its potential solutions.
Dr Victoria Baker has recently completed her PhD at the Connect Centre, School of Social Work, Care and Community at UCLan and is currently working as a Research Associate on Manchester Metropolitan University’s ESRC-funded study ‘Homicide Abuse Learning Together’ (HALT). She also works as an independent researcher, supporting charities around service design, refinement and evaluation, particularly in the area of child and adolescent to parent violence and abuse.