George Rock Shelter

Wenvoe: Vale of Glamorgan: UK

Date 3965 to 3780 BC (Late Mesolithic and Early Neolithic)

This fascinating site is one of a group of previously unsuspected prehistoric burial caves discovered just outside Cardiff in South Wales. It was used by some of the last hunter-gather groups and first farmers in this part of Wales. Over 30 UCLan undergraduates worked on this site and four students did their dissertations on human bone from the site. Their research proved that the bodies had been left to decompose on the rock-shelter floor before most of the bones were moved to a final burial site elsewhere. The human remains we found were teeth and small fragments that had been left behind.

Find out more:
Peterson, R. and Aldhouse-Green S. 2015. Excavations in Goldsland Wood: Wenvoe: Vale of Glamorgan: draft interim report.

Peterson, R. 2013. Social memory and ritual performance. Journal of Social Archaeology 13/2, 266-283.

Peterson, R. 2018. Neolithic Cave Burials: structure, agency and environment. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

George Rock Shelter discovery