IKSU is home to events and activities related to the politics, society, culture, and international relations of both Koreas. IKSU staff also give lectures, seminars and talks at universities, think-tanks and cultural institutions worldwide. Pictured at the IKSU launch are Lord David Alton, Chair of the UK Parliamentary Group on Korea and Donald P. Gregg, former US Ambassador to the Republic of Korea.
A UCLan PhD student accepted to the 2016 cohort of the Pacific Forum CSIS Young Leaders Program.
A PhD student, Priscilla Jung Kim, supervised by Director of IKSU, Professor Hazel Smith, has been accepted to the 2016 cohort of the Pacific Forum Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Young Leaders Programme. She has been given access to 25+ conferences and events that Pacific Forum CSIS organises each year. The length of the program is based on age, as the ideal age range is from 25-35, although there is flexibility based on the applicant's level of experience.
Priscilla reports, “I hope to gain practical skills from the Young Leaders Program, which I would be using in my future career. After I receive my doctoral degree, I plan to work in the United States Department of either in civil or in foreign sector, providing policy support to those involved in the North Korean issues. While my doctoral program allows me to shape my own perspective concerning U.S. foreign policy towards North Korea, the Young Leaders program will allow me to go beyond theory and literature, as I learn how experts and leaders deal with the issues that I am studying. I therefore hope to be able to test theories of international politics with empirical situations. Moreover, I also hope to build relations with other scholars and foreign policy professionals in order to further my knowledge of U.S. diplomacy with East Asian states, as interaction with literature can only get me so far”.
Pacific Forum CSIS, based in Honolulu, Hawaii and a subsidiary of the CSIS, headquartered in Washington, D.C. It is a non-profit, private, foreign policy research institute focusing on the Asia-Pacific region. The Young Leaders Program, established in 2004 is one of the various programs of Pacific Forum CSIS.
View more information on the Pacific Forum CSIS.
A UCLan research fellow received a grant from the British Korean Society
Dr Dimitris Stamatellos, Guild Research Fellow in Astronomy & Astrophysics, School of Physical Sciences & Computing at UCLan received a £1,000 grant from the British Korean Society to visit South Korea to carry out his research. For his research, ‘UK-Korea Star and planed formation’, he visited Korea from 10th to 18th November 2016. During his visit, he gave seminar talks and discussion sessions on theoretical and observational star and planet formation with researchers at the Seoul National University and the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI).
Duo-Korea Students Fellowship Award
Two UCLan students have been offered DUO-Korea fellowship award (4000 euros each) for their period abroad. The fellowship is from ASEM-DUO and they choose pairs of students (one from Korean university the other one from the partner European university in each pair) and the application process is administered at our partner universities in Korea. The fellowship is not for language course, so the recipients need to demonstrate that they are taking non-language courses and need to take up to 6 non-language modules at their host institution
Ms Laurent Mumby reports; "When I applied for the ASEM-DUO Scholarship, I never thought I would actually be chosen as one of the very few recipients. I was so shocked yet ecstatic. The money will enable me to travel and explore, take cooking classes and sustain me if I get the chance to do some volunteering in the holidays. Currently, I am studying at Pusan National University with hopes of doing some research on dialects for my dissertation. I am taking classes in Korean Language, Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition."
From September 21 to 25, Gianluca Spezza, one of the PhD students at IKSU, participated in the 2016 edition of the Korean Studies Graduate Conference (KSGSC), returning from his research trip to Thailand. Spezza presented a paper with preliminary findings from his ongoing research on the role of UNICEF in delivering educational assistance to the DPRK. The conference, in its 13th consecutive edition, brings together young scholars, PhD students and researchers in all aspects of Korean Studies. This edition hosted, among others, a panel dedicated to North Korean studies, and one on comparative studies between North and South Korea. The event was organized by and hosted at the Department of Cross Cultural Studies of the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, under the supervision of Professor Andrew Jackson. During the conference, the participants were also invited to a dinner by the ROK Ambassador to Denmark, H.E. Ma Young-Sam at the Ambassador's residence in Copenhagen.
From September 5 to 21, in relation to his current PhD dissertation project on the work of UNICEF in providing educational assistance to the DPRK, Gianluca Spezza one of IKSU PhD students, conducted documentary research at the UN-ESCAP library located in Bangkok, Thailand. The library is the central repository of documents and primary sources related to the work of UN agencies in Asia-Pacific. The documents held at ESCAP are accessible only on site, and researchers stay within the premises to work on them during the day. While in Bangkok, Gianluca also met with the Regional Chief Communication Officer for UNICEF Mr. Christopher De Bono, and the Deputy Country Representative for Thailand, Ms Valerie Taton, who also worked with the DPRK in previous years, to discuss institutional aspects of UNICEF and its work in Asia-Pacific for the wellbeing of children and women.
Jungmin Lee, associate lecturer Korean language attended the 14th International Conference of Korean Educators Abroad organised by the Korean Ministry of Education and the National Institute for International Education.
She presented a workshop on teaching methods and classroom activities. In addition, She led a group of colleagues from around Eurasia to develop a workshop on strategic plans to expand Korean language and culture to university curriculum abroad. At the conference’s end, She was awarded an Excellence Award for being an outstanding contributor. The conference attendees were university Korean language lecturers from around the world.
UCLAN students win UK wide bursaries for study abroad
Three undergraduate students were awarded the highly competitive British Korean Veterans’ Association bursaries of £1,666 each to support them in their year abroad in Korea. The successful students were:
UCLan PhD student, Priscilla Kim, was also awarded a British Korea Society bursary of £1,000 to support a field trip to the United States. Priscilla was one of only four awardees and was up against competition from research students from all over the UK – including Oxford, Edinburgh, Warwick, LSE and SOAS.
UCLan student, Melania Torrecilla-Martin, on her year abroad in Korea
IKSU Director, Professor Hazel Smith, a keynote speech on ‘Understanding the internal situation of the DPRK’ at an international conference in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Conference entitled: Understanding the Other Korea: North Korea
Professor Smith gave a keynote speech on ‘Understanding the internal situation of the DPRK’ to an audience of academics, students, journalists and diplomats at an international conference on North Korea, held at the University of Copenhagen.
Professor Smith addressing the international conference on North Korea, Copenhagen, April 2016
MARCH - APRIL 2016
Dr. Hae-Sung Jeon, subject leader Korean language, and her research partner Professor Amalia Arvaniti of the University of Kent, gave a paper entitled Rhythmic Grouping in English, Greek and Korean: testing the iambic-trochaic law, at the British Association of Academic Phoneticians Colloquium, University of Lancaster.
Dr Hae-Sung Jeon and her research partner, Professor Amalia Arvaniti of the University of Kent presented the paper on The Role of Prosodic Context in Word Segmentation in Korean at the East Asian Linguistics Seminar, University of Oxford on 8th March 2016.
JANUARY AND FEBRUARY 2016
Professor Hazel Smith at the School of Oriental and African Studies (January 2016), the Royal Institute of International Affairs -Chatham House (February 2016) and the University of Cambridge (February 2016).
In January and February 2016, Professor Smith was invited to speak at on the subject of Korean security and her new book on North Korea. The SOAS and University of Cambridge events were attended by students, staff and the wider public.
The Chatham House event involved a small invitation-only event attended by UK and South Korean officials and academics with a focus on South Korean foreign policy.
Professor Smith speaking at the East Asian studies seminar, University of Cambridge
KOREAN MUSIC REALITY SHOWS: NOSTALGIA, CANONIZATION AND MEDIA TRANSNATIONALISM
Dr. Haekyung Um
Senior Lecturer of Music and member of the Institute of Popular Music, The University of Liverpool
Since 2009 TV music reality shows, such as I Am a Singer (Nanŭn Kasuda) and Eternal Classics: Singing Out the Legend (Pulhu ŭi Myŏnggok: Chŏnsŏrŭl Noraehada), have become hugely popular in South Korea. These programmes feature young artists’ cover performances of various Korean popular genres of the recent past, including trot, folk songs, pop ballads and dance music.
As a type of talent show, these music reality shows share the global television format of idols influenced by media transnationalism. At the same time, the specificities of local context and national identity are crucial for the production and reception of these shows. For example, I Am a Singer, which was originally developed by the Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) of Korea in 2011, was adapted into a Chinese version by Hunan Television (HBS) in 2013. A more recent example is King of Masked Singer (Pongmyŏn Kawang) created by MBC in 2015: it took the blind audition format from the Dutch reality show Voice and it was, in turn, adapted into a Chinese version by Jiangsu Television (JSTV).
Dr. Um analyses the process of selection, appropriation and reinterpretation of 20th century Korean popular music by the 21st century music industries and their consumers. Pop nostalgia in these cover competitions is not limited to just the older audiences whose musical memories are closely linked to their own youth and identity.
For younger audiences the original songs are historical musical texts from which new interpretations and appropriations can be made. There is a sense of reverence for the original songs, which are called ‘eternal classics’ or ‘popular musical heritage’, illustrating the process of pop canonization. In this way, a creative interpretation of the original songs becomes an elaboration and transformation of Korean pop heritage and its associated musical identity, which, in turn, has implications for the Korean creative industries and their strategies for growth and commercial success.
Dr. Um specializes in contemporary Asian performing arts focusing on the politics of performance, cultural identity and policy, transnationalism and cosmopolitanism. Her publications include: Diasporas and Interculturalism in Asian Performing Arts (RoutledgeCurzon), Rediscovering Traditional Korean Performing Arts (KAMS) and Korean Musical Drama: P’ansori: The Making of Tradition in Modernity (Ashgate). She has also published on Korean hip-hop, South Asian music in Britain, and Chinese Korean dance drama. She has directed a collaborative research project on K-pop fandom and reception in Europe. Her new research project looks at the ways in which Korean TV music reality programmes contribute to the canonization of Korean popular music and the creation of popular music heritage through performance, mediation and mediatization.
UCLAN STUDENT WINS FIRST PLACE IN GLOBAL KOREAN STUDIES COMPETITION
PhD student Priscilla Jung Kim has won a global competition for her research into North Korea.
Award of UCLan honorary doctorate to former US Ambassador to Korea, Ambassador Donald P. Gregg in honour of his long public service in support of peace and conflict resolution on the Korean peninsula. Ambassador Gregg, along with Professor Fred Carriere of Syracuse University, also gave the annual IKSU International Lecture to students and staff on the subject of the ‘US and East Asia: Past, present and future’.
You do me far greater honor than you may suspect, for several reasons. First is this truly impressive setting, and the audience before me. My first honorary degree, given in Korea by a Jesuit University, was conferred upon me in an office, on a Saturday night during Christmas holidays, to be certain that no students were on campus. I was American ambassador to Korea at the time, but I was also known to have been an intelligence officer. I was not a popular figure among students, and the prudent Jesuits did not want a riot to take place.
Second is that fact that you, UCLan, decided to give me this honor. In my previous visit here in October 2014, I was greatly impressed by the quality of your faculty, your students and the general atmosphere of competence and curiosity which pervades this place. We in the U.S. have a tendency to demonize those people we neither like nor understand, such as the North Koreans. UCLan, in contrast, last year opened a new branch of academic inquiry to study all Koreans. In so doing, you put many of our major universities to shame.
Third, is my life-long admiration for the U.K. I was very proud of my family ties to Devon and Scotland… In February 1983, Margaret Thatcher gave a small dinner at 10 Downing Street for Vice President George H.W. Bush in which I participated. I’ve met one emperor, two kings and countless heads of state. Dinner at ‘Number 10’ tops them all.
Finally, I am particularly honored because I think of myself as an intelligence officer, concerned with cutting behind appearance toward reality, and speaking truth to power, particularly when power does not want to hear the truth. The U.K. has a corner on the market in terms of intelligence work as depicted to the public. James Bond, as far-fetched as he has become, is still applauded in American movie theaters. I’ll give him a tip of my hat, but my real hero is George Smiley, as depicted in John Le Carre’s “Tinker, Tailor, Soldier Spy” by Alec Guinness. So, I feel that here I’ve been honored for all that I have done, including my CIA work, not in spite of it.
That means a great deal to me, and I thank you all for this singular honor.
Donald P. Gregg
Professor Fred Carriere, Syracuse University, Ambassador Donald Gregg and Professor Hazel Smith
Ambassador Gregg with Fiona Armstrong, member of the board of the University of Central Lancashire and Lord Lieutenant of Dumfries.
Ambassador Donald Gregg and Professor Fred Carriere at the UCLan graduation ceremony.
Dr. Hae-Sung Jeon, subject leader Korean language, presented a paper entitled
Rhythm in Korean Verse, Sico, at the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, at the University of Glasgow, 10 -14 August.
Pictured: Dr. Hae-Sung Jeon with her research collaborator, Professor Amalia Arvaniti of the University of Kent.
Professor Hazel Smith, IKSU Director, at The Pacific Forum, Center for Strategic and International Studies CSIS), Honolulu
Professor Hazel Smith gave an invitation-only talk to United States diplomatic and military officials, journalists and analysts working on Asia-Pacific security in Honolulu, August 2014 as part of her time as visiting POSCO fellow at the East-West Center.
Professor Smith drew on material from her recently published book, North Korea: Markets and Military Rule (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015) to discuss the major socio-economic transformation of North Korea since the famine of the mid-1990s that killed up to one million DPRK citizens. Professor Smith discussed how the party, military, and family are now thoroughly marketized in day-to-day practice, even as they maintain lip-service to the imperatives of military rule that continue to drive government and state.
Visit to UCLan Preston campus by Republic of Korea Ambassador to the UK HE Sung-nam Lim and UK Ambassador to the Republic of Korea HE Charles Hay.
Pictured above from left to right: Isabel Donnelly, Dean of The School of Languages and International Studies; David Taylor, Chair of the University Board; H.E. Sungnam Lim, Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the UK, H.E.Sir Charles Hay, UK Ambassador to the Republic of Korea; Professor Mike Thomas, Interim Vice Chancellor, and Professor Hazel Smith.
Pictured above from left to right: Dr. Yu Tao; Xi Chen; Dr. Hae-sung Jeon; H.E. Sungnam Lim, Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the UK; H.E. Sir Charles Hay, UK Ambassador to the Republic of Korea: Professor Mike Thomas, Interim Vice-Chancellor; Professor Hazel Smith and Dr. Ed Griffith.
Pictured above from left to right: Professor Hazel Smith with H.E. Sir Charles Hay, UK ambassador to the Republic of Korea and H.E. Sungnam Lim, Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the UK, visiting the Science Festival, UCLan campus facilities on 26th June.
On June 23rd, Gianluca Spezza, PhD student at IKSU, participated in the international conference "North Korea’s ‘Jangmadang’ New Generation: Who Are They and What Is Their Impetus for Change?", organized by the Institute for Far Eastern Studies (IFES)/ University of North Korean studies and Kyungnam University, in Seoul. Spezza presented a paper titled "The Evolution of Education in the DPRK since 2000: International Cooperation, Elite Training and the Role of IT". The conference was attended by almost 200 among specialists, Korean press and the general public, alongside students of the University of North Korean studies. IFES and the University of North Korean studies are one of the main research and teaching hubs worldwide, focusing on the DPRK and inter-Korean relations. View full conference details and event report (in Korean).
Gianluca Spezza, second from left during the second session of the conference. Photo credit: IFES-Kyungnam University.
Gianluca Spezza, fifth from the right, between Professor Dean Ouellette (IFES) and Professor Miryoung Mimi Kim (VUB, Brussels, Belgium). Photo credit: IFES-Kyungnam University.
On 14 May, the Dean of Pusan National University (PNU), Professor Hongchan Chun, visited UCLan and IKSU, meeting with Professor Robin Pollard, Vice-President, UCLan Group and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (International). The two parties signed an MoU as well as an exchange agreement. PNU is now the second academic partner for IKSU - together with Inje University - from the city of Pusan, South Korea's second largest.
In May 2015, a UCLan delegation composed of Pradeep Passi, Associate Dean at UCLan, Paul Rowe, Director of International Academic and Business Development in the School of Language, Literature and International Studies, and a group of students visited South Korea. During the 8-day tour, the group viewed Seoul's main cultural attractions (including the National Museum of Korea and the Itaewon Shopping District, The Presidential Residence - known as The Blue House, the Jogyesa Temple in downtown Seoul, and Gyeongbok Palace) and visited a number of strategic Institutions, such as the UK embassy in the republic of Korea. The delegation also visited the campuses and offices of two IKSU partner Institutions (EWHA University and Sookimyung University) as well as The Korea Development Institute, a major think tank and research institute in South Korea. Outside of the capital, the group visited Gyeongju, one of South Korea's most important sites for cultural heritage and home to the Bulguksa temple and the Seokguram Grotto and The DMZ - the demilitarized zone at the border between North and South Korea.
Andrew Dalgleish, Deputy Head Of Mission at the British Embassy, Seoul.
Professor Eun Mee Kim and students from EWHA University.
A warm welcome and hospitality by the Korean Development Institute.
Sookmyung Women's University - hosting UCLan.
In April 2015, Professor Smith was invited to speak to the Kim Koo Foundation - Korea Society Professional Series at the Korea Society in New York. Participants included group of United Nations officials, diplomats and professionals on Korean security along with retired General Walter Sharp, former Commander of US troops in Korea.
Pictured here from left to right: Professor Hazel Smith, Dr. Stephen Noerper vice president Korea Society, General (Rtd) Walter Sharp.
Professor Smith speaking at Rutgers University, April 2015, on the subject of Humanitarianism and Human Rights in the DPRK.
On April 9, 2015, Professor Hazel Smith gave a lecture at Rutgers University on the topic of malnutrition, mortality and North Korea. The lecture was hosted by the department of Asian Languages and Culture at Rutgers University.
In February 2015, Professor Smith was invited to Seoul to give a presentation on her latest book, entitled North Korea: Markets and Military Rule, to an invitation only workshop organised by former Foreign Minister and Professor of International Relations at Seoul National University (SNU), Professor Yoon Young-kwan and the Chair of the Graduate School of International Studies at SNU, Professor Chun Chaesung. Other invitees included Joel Wit and Ken Gause from the United States and officials from the South Korean government, including the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Unification and the National Security Council.
A UCLan delegation visited Seoul, between the 21 and 27 of February 2015
The delegation consisted of:
The visit provided the chance to strengthen existing ties with partner Institutions in South Korea's major cities Seoul and Busan. Prior to the establishment of IKSU, Dr. Hae-Sung Jong had been successfully building up the Korean language provision in SoLLIS and applications to the programme have risen quickly over the past three years. The delegation met representatives of several high profile educational Institutions, as well as sir Charles Hay, UK Ambassador to South Korea, the staff at the British Embassy in South Korea, and the British Council in Seoul.
Visit to Sookmyung University, left to right: Paul Rowe, Dr. Sang Bok Moon, Tim Steele, Dr. Swoo Suh (Associate Vice President Office of External Affairs) and Diana Choi (Office of International Affairs & Cooperation Program Co-ordinator)
Visit to Ewha University, left to right: Dr. Sang Bok Moon, Tim Steele, Dr. Ihn-hwi Park (Vice President for International Affairs), Professor Hazel Smith, Paul Rowe, Hyunchae Im (International Partnerships Co-ordinator)
Professor Hazel Smith (right) with Brendan Howe (left) at Ewha Womans (sic) University. Brendan Howe is Professor and Department Chair at the Graduate School of International Studies (at Ewha).
Visit to Inje University, Pusan, left to right: Dae-hwan Moon Co-ordinator of International Affairs, Tim Steele, Dr. Jae-sup Pak Dean of International Affairs, Professor Hazel Smith, Dr. Sang-bok Moon.
Visit to Inje University, Pusan, left to right: Dr. Sang Bok Moon, Dae-hwan Moon Co-ordinator of International Affairs, Professor Hazel Smith, Tim Steele, Paul Rowe.
Visit to Pusan National University (PNU), left to right: Tim Steele, Professor Hazel Smith, Professor Hongchan Chun (Dean), Miryeong (May) Choi (International Program Team Co-ordinator), Professor Donhi Lee (Vice Dean), Paul Rowe.
Dr Jung Woo Lee of The University of Edinburgh spoke at the UCLan International Research Institute for Sport Studies on Wednesday 28 January 2015. The subject of his lecture was ‘The 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympic Games and Sports Mega-Event Skepticism in South Korea.
In December 2014 Professor Smith was invited to speak at a Chatham House seminar with HE Minister Yun Byung-se, the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Korea on the subject of Korean security.
Pictured: Professor Hazel Smith
In November 2014, Professor Smith gave evidence to the UK All Party Parliamentary Group on International Freedom of Religion or Belief which held an inquiry into freedom of religion or belief in North Korea chaired by Baroness Berridge of the Vale of Catmose. Professor Smith’s analysis was incorporated into the subsequent reports of the inquiry.
View the inquiry report (.pdf)
IKSU hosted a global international conference on Korean Security in Preston in October 15-18 2014, with a direct impact in the policy arena worldwide given the participation and input from senior officials and policy advisors to the UK government, the US Government, the South Korean and Chinese governments as well as journalists that reach global opinion formers.
The plenary speakers were Lord David Alton, Chair of the House of Lords All-Party Group on Korea, Ambassador Donald Gregg, former National Security advisor to the first President George Bush and US Ambassador to South Korea, Mr. Richard Morris, Head of the Asia-Pacific Division of the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and Professor Kim Yong-ho, from Yonsei University, Seoul.
Speakers included: Tania Branigan, the Guardian newspaper; Professor Ren Xiao, Fudan University; Shanghai, Professor Geogy Toloroya, Russian Academy of Sciences; Professor Alexander Zhebin, Russian Academy of Sciences; Dr. Suk Lee , Korea Development Institute, Seoul; Professor Henry Em, Yonsei University, Professor Suzy Kim, Rutgers University; Professor Ruediger Frank, University of Vienna; Dr. Alexandre Mansourov, Johns Hopkins University; Professor Frederick F Carriere, Syracuse University, New York; Dr. Kevin Gray, University of Sussex; Dr. Virginie Grzelczyk , Aston University; Richard Morris, Foreign and Commonwealth Office; John O’Dea, food security office Pyongyang; Dr. James Person, Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars Washington DC; Dr. Park Hyeong Jung, Korea Institute of National Unification, Dr. Park Jae-jeok, Korea Institute of National Unification, Seoul: Professor Shin Sang-hyup, Kyunghee University; Dr. Suh Boh Hyuk, Seoul National University; Dr. Sung Ki-young, Korea Institute of National Unification; Dr. Sungju Park-Kang, Leiden University; Dr. Danielle Chubb, Deakin University; Sarah Son, Korea University, Seoul; Dr. Robert Winstanley-Chesters, University of Cambridge; Professor Keyuan Zou, UCLan; Chad O'Carroll, NKNews; Dr. Moon Kyung-yon, Korea Export-Import Bank (Korea EximBank).
Professor Zou presenting at the Foundation for Development of International Law in Asia held in Korea National Diplomatic Academy in 2014.
Professor Keyuan Zou recently attended two events hosted by the Foundation for the Development of International Law in Asia (DILA) held in the Korea National Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of South Korea in Seoul.
He spoke on “International Law in the Chinese Courts” to the DILA 25th Anniversary International Conference “International Law in the Courts of Asia” and chaired a session on 2 October. He also spoke on “Legal Implications of the U-shaped Line in the South China Sea” to the 2014 DILA Academy and Workshop “Confronting Territorial and Maritime Issues in Asia” on 3 October in Seoul.
Sunny Liu, Senior Lecturer in Chinese Language and Studies at UCLan, visited South Korea in summer 2014 at the invitation of the Confucius Institute in Seoul and also visited Woosong University to carry out research on China's cultural diplomacy towards South Korea.
Sunny Liu, Senior Lecturer in Chinese Language and Studies, is carrying out field work at Confucius Institute in Seoul and Woosong University for her research project of China's Cultural Diplomacy.
In May 2014, Professor Keyuan Zou was an invited speaker at a conference held at Seoul National University, organized by the Korea Maritime Organization and the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, on the topic of the East China Sea: Conflict and Cooperation.
Dr. Ra Mason participated in a collaborative project about 'Risk in East Asia', with contributions from Professor Glenn Hook (University of Sheffield) and Professor Paul O’Shea (Aarhus University). Mason examined the role of Japan’s post-Cold War perceptions of and responses to North Korea as a function of risk re-calibration within regional international relations.
Professor Hazel Smith and Dr. Ryoo Kihl Jae, Minister of Unification, Republic of Korea (2013-2015)