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Neanderthal caves

Tal Simmons and Jennie Robinson (formerly Hawcroft)

Past research of staff members at UCLan has focussed on Neanderthal archaeology. Tal Simmons has worked on a series of Neanderthal cave sites in the Levant, focussing on human population relationships. Jennie Robinson completed a project examining the developmental anatomy of juvenile Neanderthal skeletons compared to their modern counterparts in order to produce a model of Neanderthal ontogeny.


Hawcroft, J. and Dennell, R. 2000. The proposed effect of childhood life histories on material culture in Palaeolithic Europe. In J. Sofaer-Deverenski (ed.), Children and Material Culture. London: Routledge.

Smith, F. H., Falsetti, A. B., and Simmons, T. 1995. Circum-Mediterranean biological connections and the pattern of late Pleistocene human evolution. In H. Ullrich (ed.), Man and Environment in the Palaeolithic, 197-207. Liege: Etudes et Recherches Archeologiques de Universit de Liege.

Simmons, T. 1994. Archaic and Modern Homo sapiens in the Contact Zones: Evolutionary schematics and model predictions. In M. Nitecki and D. Nitecki (eds), Origins of Anatomically Modern Humans, 201-225. New York: Plenum Press.

Simmons, T. and Smith, F. H. 1991. Human Population Relationships in the Late Pleistocene. Current Anthropology 32, 623-27.

Further Information

Archaeology Research Group